The jute fiber is come from jute plant. The cross-section of the ultimate cells are found to be polygonal with rounded corners. Macro structure: Each fibre element visible by naked eye, of a raw jute reed available commercially is basically a group of about 5-15 ultimate cells, cemented together laterally and longitudinally by means of inter cellular materials being chiefly non cellulosic in composition. Two can be woven into a drift net using a loom. Uses Ten jute fibres can be used as payment for a farmer to watch an allotment of sweetcorn., It takes four jute fibres to be woven into a sack using a loom. Jute Uses. There are many kinds of plants, bushes and trees in our surroundings. The ultimate cells are spindle-shaped and of variable size in length and width, being on average 2.5 mm long and 0.02 mm width at the middle. Solution: Natural: Wool, Cotton, Silk, Jute. Jute is used chiefly to make cloth for wrapping bales of raw cotton, and to make sacks and coarse cloth. 37. PLANT FIBRES. What Is Woven Fabric structure? The industrial term for jute fibre is raw jute. Jute is a strong plant fibre. The layer of natural cement present between the ultimate cells is known as middle lamella. The process of making yarns from fibres is called spinning. The most important use of the jute fabric is in the manufacturing of carpets, linoleum, cordage and twines. It is fully different from other textile fiber but it is near similar to flax plant. Fibres used to make fabric may be natural or synthetic. Jute is a fibre obtained from the stem of a jute plant. List of Plant Fibers. Banana-plant fibre (Musa sapientum) is strong, soft, and coarse, and a technique developed for processing the fibre on standard jute machinery after stapling it to 20 cm is reported.In some trials, the fibre was blended with jute and mesta. Some of the most important uses Nylon are: 1. A hemp clothing industry was reborn in the West in 1988, and hemp is being used in increasing quantities in paper manufacturing. Nylon . Jute is a natural cellulosic fiber. Each jute fibre harvested gives 14.5 Farming experience. Jute fibre is used for making ropes and jute bags. Bed sheets are … Thus jute fibre is multicellular. Jute butts, the coarse … A single fibre of jute thus comprises a bundle of ultimates. 3 . The ancient Indians discovered the benefits of the jute plant plus its fibres. We enjoy various types of benefits from different types of plants. Effect of Alkalis: Fibers are damaged by strong alkali. Access NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 3 Fibre to Fabric. 1 . Jute is a insulating fiber and this is why it can be used to make cloth which would be used in electrical works. Many plant fibres are produced as field crops. 6. This is a type of synthetic fibre obtained from wood pulp. The retting process consists of bundling jute stems together and immersing them in water. Staining: To study the morphology of fiber surface. . These are – Ultimate Jute Length: 1.5 to 4 mm. It is used for making fabrics in textile industry. Jute Color: Jute fiber can be White, Yellow, Brown or Grey. Day by day, various researches are going on jute. These are called coconut fibres. Member at BUTex Spinners' Club | This type of synthetic fibre … Jute fibre is used for various types of jute goods. 7. The process of making yarn from the textile fibre is called spinning. It is obtained from stem of jute plant. Jute is completely safe for the environment for this reason the world’s peoples want to use jute goods in their everyday life. Sometimes used as fashion accessory used for fashion garments, tapestries, soft luggage, etc. Jute fiber is a long, soft, shiny, cheap and non-toxic fiber that can be woven into strong coarse yarn. Classify the following fibers as natural or synthetic: nylon, wool, cotton, silk, polyester, jute. Crinkled nylon fibres are used for making elastic hosiery. Different Types Of Natural Fibres And Their Uses. Jute fibre is used for various types of jute goods. The finer qualities of jute are made into curtains and furnishing fabrics. Natural fibre, any hairlike raw material directly obtainable from an animal, vegetable, or mineral source and convertible into nonwoven fabrics such as felt or paper or, after spinning into yarns, into woven cloth. Microscopic identification: Polygonal shaped cross-section and many ultimate cell of longitudinal view identified jute fiber.eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'textilestudycenter_com-leader-2','ezslot_12',198,'0','0'])); Solubility: Jute is dissolved in 58% H2SO4 in warm condition. Sacks, bags, and coarse cloth used to pack different products, such as bales of raw cotton, are prepared from jute fibers. Quality of jute fibre is found to be better than normal retting ii. Here we take a look at some of the many applications of this universal fibre: from the traditional to the quirky, and the mundane to the innovative. Jute fibre is 100% bio-degradable and recyclable and thus environmental friendly. It is the fiber used to make hessian sacks and garden twine. Jute is completely safe for the environment for this reason the world’s peoples want to use jute goods in their everyday life. 2 . Uses of Hemp The main uses of hemp fibre were in rope, sacking, carpet, nets and webbing. i. It has a large range of use (about 1,000 uses). Examples are cotton, jute, wool, and silk. They are composed of cellulose and lignin. Effect of Light: Color changes slightly in presence of sun light. Jute carpets, jute mats, prayer rugs, and jute furniture are commonly used as well. The industrial term for jute fibre is raw jute. Two can be woven into a drift net using a loom. Jute is also called as “Golden Fibre”. The synthetic fibres are not manufactured in India and are imported at a higher cost. Jute fibre is used to make many types of products. This resulted in the opening of a first-ever jute … Jute fibre is a multicellular fibre. The decimal value 0.00065 is "sixty-five hundred-thousandths. The finer quality of jute are made into curtains and furnishing fabrics. Uses of Jute Jute is a versatile fibre. Jute is the second most important vegetable fiber after cotton due to its versatility. Name the states where jute plants are mainly grown in India. Plants including cotton, jute, flax and hemp are used to obtain plant fibres. Micro structure: The cell wall of each ultimate cell is composed of an outer thin primary wall and an inner thick secondary wall, differing from each other in the molecular architecture. Sacks, bags, and coarse cloth used to pack different products, such as bales of raw cotton, are prepared from jute fibers. By: Fibre2Fashion.Com Jute, well known as 'Golden Fiber' is used for clothing, cordage and sacking. It is mainly grown in eastern India, Bangladesh, China and Burma. Jute can be mixed with wool for fine yarn and fabric production. Jute is a strong plant fibre. The jute fibre is a natural fibre. After the liberation of Bangladesh from Pakistan in 1971, most of the Pakistani owned jute mills were taken over by the government of Bangladesh. Packaging: bags, sacks, wrapping material i.e. Jute is a natural fibre with golden and silky shine and hence called The Golden Fibre. Jute is one of the most affordable natural fibres and considered second only to cotton in amount produced and variety of uses of vegetable fibres. So, use jute products and save the environment. Jute fibre is used for sacking, burlap, and twine as a backing material for tufted carpets. … Here are several surprising uses of jute fibre perfect for your home: Storage basket. The variation on fabric properties changes on various factors, like fabric weight, needling density, depth of needle penetration, needle gauge, blending of jute with other fibres, type of jute fibre used, pre-treatment of jute fibre, etc. Before the development of polythene and poly propylene sheets, the jute fabrics were mostly used for packaging purpose, and ropes etc. Four can be woven into a sack using a loom. 2. Jute fibers have good insulating properties for both of thermal and of acoustic energies with moderate moisture regain and no skin irritations [34–39]. 3. eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'textilestudycenter_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_11',601,'0','0'])); Figure 6: Chemical structure of hemicellulose. 1. Jute was once known as the golden fibre of Bangladesh, since it was the most important cash crop for the country. Familiar uses: Packaging: bags, sacks, wrapping material i.e. The versatile nature of jute makes it a widely popular natural fiber, next only to cotton in commercial significance. Let us learn more about plant fibres. 4 . polymeric compounds like acrylite, 2. 5. Figure 5: Chemical structure of alphacellulose. What is spinning? Jute carpets, jute mats, prayer rugs, and jute furniture are commonly used as well. It was probably used first in Asia. Ten jute fibres can be used as payment for a farmer to watch an allotment of sweetcorn. The fibre is also used for making twine and ropes. Hemp is a bast fiber plant similar to Flax, Kenaf, Jute, and Ramie. Introduction. Jute is a natural, pure, and versatile fibre that is used in the handicraft arena and also the industrial sector. Cotton. Ultimate Diameter of Jute: 0.015 to 0.002 mm. Jute is used chiefly to make cloth for wrapping bales of raw cotton, and to make sacks and coarse cloth. The ultimate cells are spindle shaped and of variable size in length and width, being on an average 2.5 mm long and 0.02 mm width at the middle. The coconut fibres are used for making ropes and mats.The common name of coconut fibre is coir. It looks golden. Uses of cotton Cotton has a wide variety of uses, especially in the textile industry. Synthetic fibres are conventionally used in the construction of Stone Matrix Asphalt (SMA) in bituminous pavements. Is it possible to make any components with help of hydraulic anf pneumatic force, Your email address will not be published. Exercise Questions. For this, jute fibre is much coarser than cotton which is unicellular. Food: Plants are the main source of our food. ... absorbing jute fibre by the uses of. Uses . It is used for making fishing nets, ropes, parachutes and type cords. Q.15. The cells are some 200 times longer than their breadth. Retting time reduced from 18-22 days to 12-14 days with about 10% higher fibre recovery. We know plants are very useful for us. What is jute’s origin and history? They made paper and rope with it. Studied at BAF Shaheen College Kurmitola | Jute producing countries. Nylon is a high strength fibre. Jute can also be mixed with wool. Jute fibre is a strong fabric regularly used for garden purposes. Effect of Acids: Easily damaged by hot dilute Acids and conc. Synthetic: Nylon, Polyester. It brought much-needed foreign income to the impoverished nation. This requires a Crafting level of 21 and grants 38 experience. Its spinning process is also different from other spinning process. Open your wardrobe and you’ll no doubt find several items made of wool. Familiar uses of jute include the followings: Jute is now mixed with cotton fiber that is called jutex technology. The jute plant, Corchorus olitorius, has culinary applications in some parts of the world, such as Nigeria, Uganda, and the Philippines, wher… Farmers can be paid six barley malts to watch your jute hops. It is used for making fabrics in textile industry. Short fibres and pieces from the lower ends of the stalks constitute jute butts, which are used to some extent in paper making. Typical yield of jute fibre based on weight of stem from which it is derived, is about 6%. Some examples of the plant fibres are given below: 1. The fibers are also woven into curtains, chair coverings, carpets, area rugs, hessian cloth, and backing for linoleum. Let us know some of the following uses of plants. Where it is grown : It grows well in hot and moist climate. The jute bags are used as shopping bags that as well as for storing food grains. The outer covering of coconut has also some fibres on it. Rayon is mixed with wool to make carpets. Q.17. Jute is known as golden fibre because of its golden color & it will bring a golden future for Bangladesh. Jute is the common name given to the fiber extracted from the stems of plants belonging to the genus Corchorus, family Tiliaceae. Fibres used to make fabric may be natural or synthetic. Although, jute goods are cheaper than other textile products. High quality grease-proof paper is prepared from the fibres of jute sticks. By this process various types of course fabric is made which is cheaper than completely cotton made fabrics. History: For centuries, jute has been an integral part of culture of Bengal, in the entire southwest of Bangladesh and some portions of West Bengal. Vivi-ana et al. AbstractOne hundred tensile tests were undertaken at each of five distinct fibre lengths (6, 10, 20, 30 and 50 mm) on a single batch of jute fibres from South Asia. Effect of Bleaches: Resistant to bleaching agents (Bleaching agent, H2O2, NaOCl, NaClO2, Na2O2, CH3COOH, KMnO4 etc.). | Classification of Woven Fabric On Woven Structure, Handloom Products With Places Of Production | Handloom Products For Local And International Business, Services Given By Bangladesh Handloom Board (BHB) | BHB Potential, Bangladesh Handloom Board || Vision || Mission|| Function of BHB, Production And Productivity || Basic Concepts Of Productivity, Sewing Needle Selection || Important Points For Selection Of Sewing Needle. Jute is considered to be the second most important natural fibre after cotton in terms of cultivation and usage. Jute Fiber has some standard physical properties. A key feature of jute is its ability to be used either independently or blended with a range of other fibres and materials. The leaves of jute plants enrich the fertility of the soil for sustained agriculture, and have good nutrition value as vegetables. Advantages of Jute Fiber: Jute Fiber has great antistatic properties; so that any kind of static charges are not produced during Jute Product making or using. cold Acid. Nylon is a high strength fibre. Jute fabric is a type of textile fiber made from the jute plant. As an alternative to synthetic fibre, coated jute fibres were used and its properties were studied. Once upon a time before liberation it was the main exporting goods and was sold in raw & finished goods. Familiar uses of jute include the followings: Sacks; Bags; Bailing and bundle cloths; Wrapping 5 . Fibres that are obtained from plants or animals are called natural fibres.Examples are cotton, jute, wool, and silk.Fibres that are made by man from chemical substances are called synthetic fibres.Examples are nylon, rayon, polyester, and acrylic. 2. The top Jute Producers are: Bangladesh, India, Brazil, Vietnam, and Thailand. Jute fibre is a bast fibres, that is used by man since prehistoric times and comes from the inner bark of plants of the genus Corchorus.Jute cultivation mainly occurs in the damp regions of Asia. This requires … Low land is fit for its growth. Today, sacking still makes up the bulk of manufactured jute products. There are a lots of application scope. Although, jute goods are cheaper than other textile products. Uses Of Jute Fiber: Jute yarn is used to produce various types of decorative jute goods. Your email address will not be published. Jute fibres can be harvested after growing jute seeds in a hops patch with level 13 Farming. Rayon is mixed with cotton to make bedsheets. Yield per hectare raises from 23/24 quintals per hectare to 29/30 quintal per hectare due to uses of certified jute seeds, line sowing and retting by CRIJAF SONA. It is formed as a cylindrical sheath made with single fibres joined together by three dimensional network from top to bottom of the steam. Question 16. Hemp is also one of the bast fibers known to ancient Asians, long before the birth of Christ. Dyeing ability: Easy to dyeing. 1 . cotton packs and wool packs. Jute is the most useful vegitable fibre after cotton. Ans. Cotton is spun into thread that is used in many clothing products such as underwear, socks and T-shirts. It is used for making fishing nets, ropes, parachutes and type cords. Jute, a vegetable fibre that can be spun into sackcloth, used to be the 'golden fibre' of Bangladesh. iii. 4. In India and Bangladesh, the plants are commonly harvested with a hand sickle. Spinning is the first steps of textile product processing. Jute fibers are totally biodegradable and recyclable materials, i.e., environmentally friendly materials. Socks and jumpers. Fiber is woven into curtains, chair covers, and rugs. Although, jute goods are cheaper than other textile products. Since jute is generally a cheaper material compared to other textile products, you’ll get the bang for your buck. The fibers are bound together by gum materials (pectin) that maintain bundles of fibers drawn with non-fibrous tissue of jute bark. The types of jute used to make goods are purchased in several grades as well as blends of jute and other fibers. There are different tests which could be used for the identification of the jute fiber. Both these walls of jute ultimate cell are compared of ultra-fine micro fibrils. Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber used to make burlap, hessian or gunny cloth. The main manufactured products of jute fibers are yarn, hessian and carpet backing cloth. Jute is a bast fiber used for sacking, burlap, and twine as a backing material for tufted carpets. Read article about Properties of jute - jute is one of the most versatile natural fibres. Jute is a long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. A natural fibre may be further defined as an agglomeration of cells in which the diameter is negligible in comparison with the length. Effect of Mildew: Prevention ability is better than Cotton and Linen. It is cash crop of Bangladesh. et al. Corchorus capsularis (also known as patsun), commonly known as white jute, is a shrub species in the family Malvaceae.It is one of the sources of jute fibre, considered to be of finer quality than fibre from Corchorus olitorius, the main source of jute.The leaves are used as a foodstuff and the leaves, unripe fruit and the roots are used in traditional medicine. 2. I wish to know about jute goods more and more.  reported hemicellulose and lignin constituents were sensitive to higher temperature and removal of these constituents increased 4% higher thermal stability of hemp fibre after 8% NaOH treatment. Jute is most commonly used to make consumer goods such as bags and rugs. Jute fibre is used in making carpets, coarse material, twine, gunny bags, paper and many similar articles. It is sometimes used as webbing to cover inner springs of the auto seats. On average, jute yields four times more fibre per acre than flax. It is hard and it needs to soften before make yarn from this fiber. There are two kinds of jute that are produced today: White jute and brown jute, which is stronger, softer, and silkier. During the Industrial Revolution, jute yarn largely replaced flax and hemp fibres in sackcloth. Jute fibre extracted by the retting process (Kundu et al., 1959, Stout, 1985) from the bast of the parent plant, which comes in the form of long mesh of interconnecting fibres commonly known as the jute reed. Jute is cultivated in West Bengal, Assam, Orissa, Bihar and U.P. Ten jute fibres can be used as payment for a farmer to watch an allotment of sweetcorn. The fibres are off-white to brown, and 1–4 metres (3–12 feet) long. We will discuss about the different uses of plants. It is as valuable as gold. The versatile nature of jute makes it a widely popular natural fiber, next only to cotton in commercial significance. In terms of usage, production and global consumption, jute is second only to cotton. "It could be stated as "point zero zero zero six five" in some uses. Jute is composed of about 50–53% cellulose, nearly 20% of hemicellulose and 10–11% of lignin along with other constituents like moisture not more than 12–13%, fats, wax, and ash contributing to 1% each. The jute fibres are mainly concentrated near the woody, central parts of the stalk. However, another species of jute, called Corchorus capsularis (tossa jute) is considered to be superior even though it is harder to cultivate. 3. Because of its natural golden shine, jute is also known as "the golden fiber." Maybe a suit or two as well. Jute forms the base of linoleum and wool carpet industry. Long slender primary fibers on the outer portion of the stalk characterize bast fiber plants. Jute can be mixed with wool for fine yarn and fabric production. The jute reed is usually 6–12 feet long. 3. It helps to retain five times of own. Uses. Answer: Jute is extensively used for making gunny bags, potato sacks, carpets, curtains, coarse clothes and ropes, etc. On complete maturation of plant, fibres of its stem become very hard. Jute, as a renewable natural fiber, is also bio- degradable and environmentally friendly, it is one of the few crops, which is growing in the monsoon season, and it is rotating with rice to restore the soil fertility and structure. In terms of usage, production and global consumption, jute is second only to cotton. 5. The fibres are also woven into curtains, chair coverings, carpets, area rugs, hessian cloth, and backing for linoleum. It is easy to dye in a wide range of colours. Ans. This fiber length is 0.2 to 30 inch. West Bengal, Bihar and Assam. Former Vice President at Atomic BAFSK Science Club, Jute Fibre Properties and End Uses | Part 02, Physical and Chemical Properties of Jute Fibre| Chemical Composition | End Uses of Jute Fibre, Denim Wet Process | Bleach Wash | Acid Wash, Garment Finishing | Pressing | Flow Chart of Garment Finishing, Quality Control | AQL (Acceptance Quality Level), Colour Fastness of Textiles | Color Fastness To Washing, Colour Fastness of Textiles | Colour Fastness to Light, Inspection | Steps in Garments Inspection, Cutting Section in Apparel Industry | Cutting Room Terminology, Textile Testing and Quality Control – TTQC, Ring Spinning Machine Specification and Question Answer, Fabric Shrinkage Test | Types Of Shrinkage | Causes And Influencing Factors Of Shrinkage, Jute Fibre | Jute Fibre Cultivation | Part 01, Part 01 : Jute Fibre | Jute Fibre Cultivation, Flax Fiber | Chemical Composition | Physical Properties and Chemical Properties | Uses and Application of Flax Fiber, A Techno Commercial Study of Re-cycling of Metallic Powder Used in Polyester Industry as a Polymer Filtration Media, All Textile Abbreviations | Abbreviation Related to Textiles, Card Clothing | Types of card clothing | Part 03, Melt Spinning , Dry spinning and Wet Spinning Method, Melt Spinning , Dry spinning and Wet Spinning Method (37579). Geotextiles – landfill covering, embankment reinforcement. 6 . While jute is being replaced by synthetic materials in many of these uses, some uses take advantage of jute's biodegradable nature, where synthetics would be unsuitable. Clothing. Jute fibre is used in making carpets, coarse material, twine, gunny bags, paper and many similar articles. 6. The finer qualities of jute are made into curtains and furnishing fabrics. The finer quality of jute are made into curtains and furnishing fabrics. It is used commonly is confectionery industry for … Uses of Jute. Jute fibres are composed primarily of the plant materials cellulose and lignin. The following are some of the most common uses of this product. Geotextiles – landfill covering, embankment reinforcement. This requires … 7. It was not famous until 1793 when some English merchants exported 100 tons of jute plant, which increased its popularity day by day. Jute dicotyledenous fibre-yielding plant of the genus Corchorus, order Tiliaceae. 1. What are the important uses of jute? High quality grease-proof paper is prepared from the fibres of jute sticks. Four can be woven into a empty sack using a loom. Thus, jute fibre is multicellular. Fibers losses weight when it heated with caustic soda. Crinkled nylon fibres are used for making elastic hosiery. Jute is extensively used in the manufacture of carpets, curtains, shirting’s, and is also mixed with silk or used for imitating silk fabrics. The jute bags are used as shopping bags that as well as for storing food grains. Required fields are marked *, Application Of Jute Fiber || List Of Jute Products.  used 5% NaOH treatment on jute fibres for 2 to 8 hours and showed 35% and 20% improved flexural strength and modulus respectively for the treatment of 4 hours. Basic dye is used to color jute fiber. East Pakistan lacked a Jute Industry but had the finest stock of the fibre. JUTE (পাট) Introduction : Jute is a kind of fibre . Burning test: Not melt, burn easily, smell like paper burning, because paper is also a cellulosic material. Raw green jute is also used for making paper. Fibres that are made by man from chemical substances are called synthetic fibres. The jute yarn which is come from spinning process it has variety types of application. Jute plants are cut at the time of flowering stage because a good quality of fibre is obtained at this stage. Jute can be mixed with wool for fine yarn and fabric production. – climatecolab.org Ans. Jute fibers are also used to make twines and rough cordage. Each ultimate cell has thick cell wall and lumen, the central canal with more or less oval cross-section. Jute forms the base of linoleum and wool carpet industry. We tend to equate wool with winter, but it’s also ideal for summer. These merits of jute, if properly utilised, may produce inexpensive technical textiles for specific end-uses. As political tension rose between India and Paksitan, the latter felt the need to setup their own jute industry. Jute Fiber Length: 150 to 300 CM (5 to 12 Feet). Cotton is a soft fibre that is obtained from cotton plants and grows as a boll. Feeling test: Stiff and a harsh hand to human skin, feels bad against skin. After harvesting the jute plants, jute fibres are extracted by retting. Strength of Jute: 3.5 to 5 G/Den. Retting is the use of micro-organisms and moisture on plants to dissolve cellular tissues surrounding fibre bundles so the fibre can be separated from the stem. It happens due to presence of lignin in fiber. Bangladesh is rich in growing jute. cotton packs and wool packs. This requires a Crafting level of at least 21 and grants 38 experience. Jute can be mixed with wool for fine yarn and fabric production. Rayon fabric is soft, absorbent and comfortable. Fibres that are obtained from plants or animals are called natural fibres. Designing of needle-punched nonwoven from jute and its blend plays a very important role as far as the end product is concerned. It obtained from the bark of jute plant. Jute is the best fiber obtained from the internal bast tissues of the plant stem. Some of the most important uses Nylon are: 1. The fibres are off-white to brown, and 1–4 meters (3–12 feet) long. Jute is known as the ‘Golden Fiber’ due to its golden brown color and its importance. 2 . Uses. While there are a few different botanical varieties of jute, one of the main species used to make jute fabric is Corchorus olitorius (white jute). While in the primary wall the fibrils are lying in crisscross manner, the fibrils are almost parallelly arranged as right hand spirals in the secondary wall.eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'textilestudycenter_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_10',600,'0','0'])); White, Off white, Yellow, Brown, Grey, Golden. It is produced from flowering plants in the genus Corchorus, which is in the mallow family Malvaceae.The primary source of the fiber is Corchorus olitorius, but it is considered inferior to Corchorus capsularis. " Studied Yarn Engineering at Bangladesh University Of Textiles - BUTEX | Q.16. Jute fibre is used for making ropes and jute bags. The outer covering of coconut has also some fibres on it. Uses Of Jute Fiber: Jute yarn is used to produce various types of decorative jute goods. Examples are nylon, rayon, polyester, and acrylic. Specific Gravity: 1.48; Moisture Regain of Jute: 13.75 % (Standard). The finest yarns can be separated and manufactured into imitated silk. Uses Of Jute Fiber: Jute yarn is used to produce various types of decorative jute goods . The cellulose content is about 70%.
2020 five uses of jute fibre