This study will only consider the female superintendents in the states of Maryland, Virginia, and North Carolina. <>/Border[0 0 0]/Rect[145.74 211.794 242.16 223.806]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> 0000006070 00000 n At the current rate of 0.7 percent increase in female superintendents annually, it will take about 77 years for women to no longer be underrepresented, according … 0000001635 00000 n were forty-three Texas female superintendents with at least six years of tenure as superintendents in their district. Five responded to the request and agreed to be interviewed. endobj Still, state-based work, like this October Houston Chronicle piece as well as a November Education Week article delve into these trends further, with similar findings. 92 0 obj Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. endobj But new survey results from the American Association of School Administrators (AASA) show that about 77 percent of school superintendents identify as male. I had a superb male mentor early in my career who encouraged me. So while women make up the majority of the teacher workforce, they are vastly underrepresented in higher-paying leadership roles. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window). 0000008834 00000 n Multiple factors influence this but it’s been stark to me for decades that despite the fact of 76% of the teaching workforce being female that administrative positions are still majority male. With this in mind, this phenomenological study examined the factors that influenced the aspirations of female public school superintendents in Connecticut. What Does That Mean for Education? 91 0 obj endobj I am not compliant, am willing to take risks, and saw opportunities to support educators and those they serve through an admin leadership role. <>/Border[0 0 0]/Rect[81.0 617.094 279.12 629.106]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> The rationale for the inclusion of only these states is due to the fact that they, along with Hawaii and Alaska, are the only states where 100% of school districts are fiscally dependent (Fowler, 2013). endobj 0000044257 00000 n 0000007147 00000 n Focus One participant summarized the essence of focus this way, "It is important to know in your heart of hearts why you are in the job." What Did Joe Biden’s Coalition Look Like? Georgia School Superintendent Association 9 Jefferson Street Newnan, Ga 30263 Phone and Email PHONE: 678.857.3642 FAX: 678.857.3827 EMAIL JOHN ZAUNER EMAIL JOSH HOOPER EMAIL KEITH PORTER EMAIL TERRI DELOACH Here are three takeaways on the state of female superintendents we can glean from the AASA’s 2016 survey: 2016 AASA Superintendent Salary & Benefits Study. All information you need for female superintendents. 86 0 obj Ballot Initiative Results in CA, WA, and Other States — and Implications for Education. On a mid-February afternoon, the City gathered its most powerful education leaders to talk about school finance, and a startling picture emerged: All the superintendents at the table were male. A reminder email was sent in June. endobj In fact, the state's female superintendent rate tops the national average of 24%, according to The School Superintendent Association. 0000035184 00000 n 0000014176 00000 n Today, 102 of the 17,500 members of the GCSAA are female, according to Craig Smith, GCSAA communications director. 0000003682 00000 n ��r�ߑ�K�����e�p����5�^�K�j$�i�Q��RB��?��;�y~~[8[�!6�y�-]�� � S� 0000022909 00000 n The 2020 study shows women of color represent almost 13% of all female superintendents, and men of color represent 7% of all male superintendents. %PDF-1.7 %���� I have seen of as my role to mentor and encourage females to lead as administrators. The self-sabotaging behaviors negatively impacted women’s career advancement efforts and their physical and mental health. All forty-three were contacted to participate in this study. The majority of teachers (76 percent), too, identify as female. trailer It’s important to note that, while we can dig into these findings broadly, the AASA survey’s 15 percent response rate suggests it may not be fully representative. 0000000016 00000 n <> 88 0 obj The AASA’s 0000009504 00000 n Bellwether maintains an internal culture that cultivates and respects diverse points of view and does not take organizational positions on education issues. Aspiring Superintendents Academy® for Female Leaders We are grateful for the sponsorship of our Premier School Solution Partner, Sourcewell, for helping make this program possible. 87 0 obj 0000001510 00000 n Deals to your inbox Virus numbers by state How Biden got to 270 If Trump won't concede. endobj 85 0 obj Why am I here? However, the percentage of women who serve as superintendents is in stark contrast to the percentage of women in the teaching ranks. <>/Border[0 0 0]/Rect[81.0 86.537 145.872 94.545]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> 0000003398 00000 n endobj 0000022735 00000 n endobj The statements on this blog are the views of the authors alone and should not be considered those of Bellwether Education Partners or of any others within the organization. State Governments Will Be Even More Partisan Post 2020. 95 0 obj 0000006637 00000 n 90 0 obj That’s more than double the percentage of female superintendents documented in 2000 (13.1 percent), according to the education news site Education Dive. 0000002289 00000 n 0000034575 00000 n 0000023459 00000 n The same is true for New York state as a whole. AASA's 2000 survey indicates that women are poorly positioned for superintendencies, lack appropriate credentials, have little fiscal management experience, eschew pursuit of superintendencies for personal reasons, face boards' reluctance to hire them, have higher teaching motivations than formerly, and enter the administrator preparation "pipeline" too late. Female superintendents engaged in 9 self-sabotaging behaviors throughout their leadership careers. Superintendent Directory listing all North Carolina Superintendents by first/last name. %%EOF All the female superintendents stated they were value-driven, not event-driven leaders. 0000029256 00000 n I utilized Belenky et al.’s (1986) Women’s Ways of Knowing as a theoretical lens to understand how these women define their place in the world of educational leadership. The 1,433 responses also show that while males serve in the role slightly longer than females, longevity for female superintendents has increased over the seven years AASA has been conducting the survey. H��T�n1��W��\X�z�N��ڃ����F�8�v��,�M��!�e�(Ό��l��m�����,{4�]���R����+��ѱoK+���G�|���d�Ī~1O���)9��~8��G���|�YbC��"��+��u�Oa 9$U��������1w��lNs���k �m�����+f���(=� E�� ��x BF=����4��Gz�@Z�� �"��7]�Yd�7a�U,���S^R�c����. <<>> All female superintendents interviewed reported high job satisfaction, and all except one agreed they would make the decision to seek leadership and superintendency again. In terms of median salary, men out-earn women in four out of five district bands – women pull ahead, and actually do especially well, in just one: districts serving 10,000 to 24,999 students. Superintendent (Supt) is a rank in British police services and in most English-speaking Commonwealth nations. 50% of the building leaders in my district are female. The names and locations of all possible participants were identified through the states’ Departments of Education. 0000029081 00000 n 0000002567 00000 n I also felt the challenges along the way of sitting at the admin table in male-dominated meetings, being heard, and being stereotyped. Also, televised golf, local LPGA event in New Jersey, and golf becoming more family-oriented all helped changed the mindset away from a male-dominated sport. 0000013790 00000 n 0000005516 00000 n 0000002024 00000 n A 10-year study by the AASA in 2000 showed the number of female superintendents in the U.S. had risen to 13.2% (Glass et al., 2000; Wesson & Marshall, 2012). Female Superintendents Serving Rural School District Needs support. Bush presented her findings at the fall conference of the CGCS, an organization of superintendents who work in large, urban school districts. xref American Association of School Administrators, The Day I Was Reminded LGBTQ Students Still Don’t Feel Safe in Schools, Deep into the new school year, we’re still missing a lot of students, Three Reasons to Move School Board Elections to November. 0000007675 00000 n The head of Guilford County Schools said female superintendents suffer in "hostile" work environments.Superintendent Sharon Contreras made the claim on … 0 In Kentucky, 19% of public school superintendents are female. all of the female superintendents who served in the Commonwealth of Virginia from 1990 through 2010. This is not to say women haven’t made progress. Women of color are especially harmed by the gender wage gap: for every dollar paid to white men, African American women earn only 63 cents, and Latinas only 54 cents. <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 81 0 R/Resources<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> Salary discrepancies add another layer to this, too. In Bexar County’s 15 public school districts, only one woman serves as superintendent while more than 70 percent of teachers and the majority of principals are female. endobj Men of color represent just 5.5 percent of school leaders, while women of color, just 10.8 percent. External factors contributed to the development of self-sabotaging behaviors. Your insight is amazing. This report examines the status of female superintendents in the United States. The <>stream An invitation to participate, survey link, instructions, and a deadline for responses were emailed to all 123 female superintendents in those states. GUILFORD COUNTY, N.C. — Guilford County Superintendent Dr. Sharon Contreras described conditions for women superintendents as “toxic and hostile” in a … Generally, what people expect of female minority administrators is different from what they expect of male administrators of all ethnic groups, Bush found. 0000008455 00000 n This was accomplished by reviewing Virginia Department of Education records, individual school division websites, and reviewing the annual editions of the Virginia Review Directory of State and Local Government Officials at the Library of Virginia. While nationally an overwhelming majority of educators are female, approximately only a quarter of all superintendents are women. The interviews were conducted at locations chosen by the participants. The majority of educators are women, but nationwide only 24% of superintendents are female. Each of the superintendents expressed having strong support systems; all 16 had mentors who endobj Where Are All The Female Superintendents? Superintendents of Florida's public school districts are listed below with their physical and mailing addresses, telephone numbers, fax numbers, and e-mail addresses. AASA’s latest study on the profession suggests seven reasons why female numbers still lag in top district posts by THOMAS E. GLASS Of our nation’s 13,728 superintendents, 1,984 today are women. I am the first female superintendent in my district. I had a husband who was willing to actively co-parent and work part-time when I went into my first principal ship. h�b```f``�``c`��� Ȁ ��@Q����r·�Ll��$H,���zL���axF����ֽ�M׮( �ϳT�V��23�U*oZ�=+*w�ǛU]ws?�6;}�����K��|���fX͢�Z��?�����_�;���Zk�^c�Hf&���`�h`� 9���A0��dRR� q;`�p$�(b To my best friends, Mandy, Julia, Julie, and Shelly, thank you for standing beside me all … Just over half are head superintendents. Sixty- 0000034759 00000 n 0000001056 00000 n The most frequently mentioned concepts were focus, alignment of decisions with values, and the modeling of these values. As a whole, people of color make up just 8.1 percent of district superintendents. This group makes up only 6 percent of female superintendents, however, and the remaining 94 percent, depending on their district size, make on average about $2,100 less annually than their male peers. 0000004984 00000 n Of the 54 districts in Westchester, Rockland and Putnam counties, 16 districts, or 30%, are headed by female superintendents. All two hundred forty nine California female superintendents were mailed surveys, one hundred twelve responded. School leaders of both genders are overwhelmingly white. My mother was a WWII vet and was a fab role model who worked when most moms didn’t in my generation. 0000004404 00000 n 0000045756 00000 n First, there are always more male district superintendents than female, regardless of geographic region. Participants were female superintendents employed with a rural school district in Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, and New Mexico. Hiring incentives, mentoring programs, and school board guidance can all help further close the gap, but these interventions must become a priority. In May of 2013, all female superintendents in Alabama, Florida, Kentucky, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia were invited to participate in the study. endobj This disparity reinforces gender wage gaps, and, as we’ve covered previously, this inequity of earnings follows female teachers into retirement. 94 0 obj In many Commonwealth countries, the full version is superintendent of police (SP).The rank is also used in most British Overseas Territories and in many former British colonies. 1. endobj Today is International Women’s Day, and while these survey results show progress from previous years, there’s significant room to grow in closing the school leadership gender gap. I entered school administration relatively early but moved into the superintendent role on target with the typical age of females. 2016 AASA Superintendent Salary & Benefits Study In terms of median salary, men out-earn women in four out of five district bands – women pull ahead, and actually do especially well, in just one: districts serving 10,000 to 24,999 students. 0000013611 00000 n In some countries, such as Italy, the rank of superintendent is a low rank. Male superintendents out-earn their female counterparts in all but one tier of district sizes. What Does it Mean for Education. 93 0 obj A special thank you to the female superintendents who took my survey and conducted interviews in order to help us progress in adding more females to leadership positions. Even with a low response rate, these trends show growth year-over-year. On average, women earn 80 cents for every dollar paid to their male peers. Vp�8,�Zc�D�b*��|�9=\d�P�Oӎ��|�=9��eF܎�|���� 2��"F9�Q+1�k��.\��_����QQ-9�KK-yJ���� H��U�j#1}���/P%ٲe�B����BY����gƞ&v[���'9:Gұ�0eV���吜���)+1^s�Llx���7�Y>����nQ������E�� \��ti*�3~�L�2��Lߧ�ub�� While women may lead the classroom, too many are still shut out from the district. superintendents in the U.S. in 1970 were female and all served in districts with fewer than 10,000 students (Wesson & Marshall, 2012). 0000009781 00000 n <>/Border[0 0 0]/Rect[243.264 230.364 479.952 242.376]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> <>/Border[0 0 0]/Rect[378.264 617.094 549.0 629.106]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> But the second takeaway nuances the first: when seeking gender parity, the region of the country does matter. Main telephone numbers for the school districts are also listed and in some cases are the same as the superintendents' numbers. endobj From Randi Weingarten to Betsy DeVos, to Michelle Rhee and Kaya Henderson, some of the biggest names in education policy on both sides of the aisle are women. All female superintendents interviewed reported high job satisfaction, and all except one agreed they would make the decision to seek leadership and superintendency again. <>stream <<080A3A4294AAB2110A00D08E26BFFC7F>]/Prev 472716>> Women historically hit a glass ceiling when trying to reach for a school district’s highest position. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! <>/Border[0 0 0]/Rect[393.498 646.991 540.0 665.009]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> <>/Border[0 0 0]/Rect[81.0 144.1365 271.179 153.1455]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> <>stream The barriers perceived by the respondents to be statistically significant were: demands of family, lack of ability to relocate, and exclusion from the Good Old Boy Network . While the majority of superintendent roles, and the higher salaries that come with them, go to men, it’s crucial to point out the discrepancies women of color face. Despite dramatically outnumbering males in the teaching workforce, it takes women slightly longer to break into leadership, and they often enter the superintendent role with more work experience than men. The AASA Aspiring Superintendents Academy® for Female Leaders is a powerful vehicle to put female leaders in the driver's seat of their career. 122 0 obj Our country’s school leaders must work to be representative of the students they serve – it isn’t enough to recruit and retain more women without also ensuring we’re developing a truly diverse workforce. <> 0000002842 00000 n 89 0 obj 97 0 obj The median age for female superintendents is 53, two years older than their male counterparts at 51. 0000003830 00000 n In 2000, AASA’s same survey showed just 13.2 percent of superintendents identified as female, compared to today’s nearly 24 percent. Guilford County Schools Superintendent tweets female superintendent work environment is 'toxic and hostile' in North Carolina and nationwide The 2020 study shows women of color represent almost 13% of all female superintendents, and men of color represent 7% of all male superintendents. 85 38 0000003124 00000 n Female superintendents across the state speak of the unique challenges they faced throughout their careers and take pride in setting examples … There are some excellent books on women in or aspiring to the superientendency – here’s one by Margaret Grogran. 96 0 obj Some aspire to the superintendency. ���9���{J�m&�� �q�i2�5k��Qp�c%E��U��=�� Ҕ�7>��T���1[+#�@�j�!�^N��V�^2�=�ٔZ:����I�ZV%���m1�44֪�����= �J3�}����&��u5�H9š���RZB؊O=j�&�8yя��� endstream ��L ��j3f`�����l�(� Ф�/���Y�2�3�3i2�3�geRb|������cS'#�C�y���Q3�E2��İ�q�r뱠\���f-�e�cx�.������P�1����"C=C7��Ո8qe`�= ���q6H�0�{iF �0 ���k startxref endstream Additionally, while the federal government collects representative stats on teachers and principals, it does not do so on school district superintendents. 0000008220 00000 n Women comprise 70 percent of all teachers in the United States, but men continue to dominate educational administration, particularly the superintendency. 0000001614 00000 n
2020 where are all the female superintendents