Francisco Ortiz de Ocampo attacked the city and executed the leaders of the opposition, among whom was Santiago de Liniers, leader of the resistance during the British invasions of the Río de la Plata. Subsequent industrial development led thousands of rural families to the city, doubling its population and turning Córdoba into the second largest city in Argentina, after Buenos Aires, by 1970. Las Sierras are actually three separate, parallel mountain ranges in the western third of the … Taravella International Airport, "Información para el desarrollo sostenible: Argentina y la Agenda 2030". Temperatures well under −15 °C (5 °F) have been recorded, and snowfall is very common but in small quantities due to the lack of precipitation during the colder months. The extreme northern and northwestern areas of the province are located on the transition between the temperate Pampa and the subtropical Gran Chaco: summers are consistently longer and warmer than in other areas, and extremes of 40 °C (104 °F) are more frequent. Neighboring provinces are (clockwise from the north): Santiago del Estero, Santa Fe, Buenos Aires, La Pampa, San Luis, La Rioja and Catamarca. Almost 41% of its inhabitants reside in the capital city, Córdoba, and its surroundings, making it the second most populous metro area in Argentina. The region of Traslasierra is known for its markedly warmer climate: summer temperatures often reach well over 35 °C (95 °F) and nights are often very warm. The head of government is the governor, accompanied by a vice-governor who presides the legislature and may fill the governor's place in certain cases. Explore Córdoba holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. The city continued to grow as an important cultural center, supported by the trade of precious metals from Peru. Beginning around 1955, foreign investment in Córdoba's automotive, agricultural machinery and food processing industries further added to its industrial profile. Located in Villa Carlos Paz in the Córdoba Province Region, 2953 feet from City Hall, Descanso las Tres Marias features a seasonal outdoor pool and a garden. In 1815 the Province of Córdoba decreed it was an independent state. Frost arrives in late April in the south, and late May in the north. The unified legislature is made up of 70 members: 26 elected to represent each of the provincial departments and 44 elected by the people of the province as a whole and assigned by a proportional system. The installation of the Fábrica Militar de Aviones in 1927, and subsequent state-owned industries (like locomotive and train manufacturing) established Córdoba among the most important industrial centers in Argentina; the facility was purchased by Lockheed Martin in 1995 and has practically ceased production. It was during Arturo Frondizi's presidency (1958–1962) that most new auto industries settled in the city of Córdoba and its surroundings. Called the Heartland of Argentina for its location in the geographical center of the country, Córdoba has a strong colonial history blending with modern economic growth. From the rest of Western Europe came immigrants from Switzerland, Germany, United Kingdom, Ireland and Scandinavia (especially Sweden). Start planning for Cordoba Explore Córdoba holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. During the presidency of Sarmiento an astronomic observatory (1871) and the Faculty of Physical Sciences and Mathematics (1873) were inaugurated. See all outdoor activities in Province of Cordoba on Tripadvisor. As one of Argentina’s largest cities, Cordoba’s rich history is showcased in its regal colonial buildings and UNESCO-listed monuments, but this university town is also a cultural pioneer where art, music, and cuisine are celebrated with a glass of Fernet and coke, a local favorite. For 15 years, the province was submerged in internal revolts that started to stabilize in 1868 under the provisional government of Félix de la Peña. Predominantly temperate, with some regional variations Study and Stay - Habitación Compartida p/2, Studio:,... A printing press was installed in the Sierras de Córdoba ’ s capital the. Plains of the province of Buenos Aires ( 66 °F ) Association of the same name for a term... 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