It was discovered in 1976 after oil stains were noticed by a fisherman, Rudesindo Cantarell Jimenez, in 1972. [5], In 2008, Pemex expected Cantarell's decline to continue to 2012 and eventually stabilizing at an output level of around 500,000 barrels per day (80,000 m3/d). The Maloob field was discovered in 1984 and the Zaap field in 1991; oil produced from these fields varies from 12 to 25 degrees API. The map of Turkey on the left is a portion of a 600-MB World Map created by Tom Patterson. It is located 80 kilometres offshore in … Akal is the Cantarell's largest field, with a reservoir of 32 billion bbl and an oil column thickness of about 1,200 meters. This map includes 1,232 discoveries of recoverable reserves over 500 million barrels of oil equivalent (BOE) From 1868 to 2010. [15], In order to try to maintain heavy crude production in the Bay of Campeche, PEMEX is focusing its efforts on the development of the Ku-Maloob-Zaap complex in an adjacent area, which can be connected to the existing facilities of Cantarell. The company expects production to drop to approximately 500,000bopd by 2012, and then to stabilise at 400,000bopd until 2017. The main field is located in the Akal structure. Most folks are surprised to learn that the world’s 2nd largest oil field is not located in Saudi Arabia. The plant was built by a consortium of Empresas ICA of Mexico, Fluor Corp of the US, gas companies Linde and the BOC Group, Westcoast Energy of Canada (a gas pipeline company later acquired by Spectra Energy) and Marubeni. The database for the Cantarell field consists of a structure contour map of the top of the latest Cretaceous–lowest Paleogene breccia ().A 200 m square grid is placed over this map yielding 5124 squares with 63 segments in the X direction and 86 segments in the Y direction, and Z is the depth below sea level to the contoured surface. In my opinion, Cantarell/Mexico may be one of the most poignant, and easiest to grasp examples of what Peak Oil is all about. Dedicated to the energy sector, Semco Maritime is an international... Heerema Fabrication Group (HFG) specialises in the engineering and fabrication... Qattameya (also known as Kattameya) gas field is located at a water depth of 108m in the North Damietta offshore…, Meliwis gas field is located in the Madura Offshore PSC situated in East Java, Indonesia. Solution ", "Pemex Cantarell to stabilize at 500,000 Barrels a Day", "Mexico's fading oil output squeezes exports, spending", Mexico Oil Production going down January 2007,, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 November 2020, at 14:58. Cantarell Field or Cantarell Complex is an aging supergiant offshore oil field in Mexico. It could be because it used to be one of the richest oil fields in North America that is being rapidly drained to feed North America's voracious petrol appetite. KMZ was expected to produce 800,000bopd by 2010; however, in June 2009, its production capacity peaked at 835,000 bopd, making it the largest crude oil-producing project in Mexico. The first field was discovered in 1976 and by 1981 the Cantarell complex was producing 1.16 million barrels a day (bopd). This complex comprises four major fields: Akal (by far the largest), Nohoch, Chac and Kutz. 14-29. In November 2006, Pemex reported that Cantarell has produced 11.492 billion barrels (1.8271 × … Cantarell has long been among the top 100 oil field complexes on the planet, at one point contributing 45% of worldwide production (Robelius, 2007: 77), but is now one of the reserves currently in decline (Sorrel et al., 2012: 710). Nitrogen for the injection process is supplied by the world’s largest nitrogen production plant. Critical point Liquid 100 80 60 40 o Gas Çricondentherm C]Phase diagram of a multicompound hydrocarbon mixture. Secondary fields in the allochthonous block include Kutz, which formed on the crest of a downthrown fault block, and Nohoch, which formed above a west-vergent backthrust. of oil and 2954 billion cubic feet (8365 × 107 m3) of gas. In January 2009, production was 772,000bopd, a fall of approximately 38% on the previous year. The field is expected to produce 927,000bopd at peak in 2013 due to start-up of adjacent satellite deposits. The nitrogen-production facilities were built onshore as a private venture near the town of Atasta. By 1995, however, production had dropped to a million barrels a day. Crude oil from the field in the Bay of Campeche is transported via pipelines to tanker berths at Cayo de Arcas and to storage tanks onshore at Dos Bocas, where part of the production is exported and the balance is transported inland by pipeline. Cantarell was the second-highest-producing field (2.14 MMbbl/d in 2004) in the world behind the Ghawar Field in Saudi Arabia. Since its discovery in 1976, it has been the mainstay of the country's oil production, accounting for nearly 60 percent of … [7] Folding occurred in the early Miocene to Pliocene and the compression forced up Cretaceous and Upper Jurassic blocks forming the Structural trap in which hydrocarbons migrated in the Miocene. Unfortunately, the nitrogen has migrated into the gas, lowering its heating value and thus, economic value, and soon will require treatment to remove the nitrogen from the gas, to be able to use the gas as a fuel.