TIME OF YEAR: Varies greatly. The plant is also converted into alcohol (for use as a fuel), is burnt as a fuel and is made into fertilizer. Common Reed Okanagon - Fiber, Basketry Use documented by: Perry, F., 1952, Ethno-Botany of the Indians in the Interior of British Columbia, Museum and Art Notes 2(2):36-43., page 39 View all documented uses for Phragmites australis (Cav.) Leaf margins are somewhat rough, and leaves are generally deciduous. Pros and Cons of Common Reed Many species of birds utilize common reed seeds and use the plant’s thick colonies for shelter. Phragmites australis. You can use reed switches in lots of other ways too. Year round in warm climates, season in northern climes, flowers from early to mid-summer into early or late fall. People take reed herb tea for digestion problems, diabetes, leukemia, and breast cancer.. In Canada and the U.S. the Phragmites australis subspecies Americanus species is native. Common reed flowers occur in a large, feathery, 6- to 20-inch (15-50 cm) long panicle. Identifying it should have been easy. It works really well for this partly because the rhizomes grow so deeply. Usually a stand of Common Reeds are all clones. �g�i�||`�L�4�ÄШ�1�,�2ˤ1���9,m�6eZ��e3$��|��pvt��]�M�PIv�P������2�Y�.�Ur��x�*g��y�1�$G�>�2)��d��͔P#�evd���ɴ^����bUV5K���5��4��6�lWղ�ϒ���N�./`t8��jJ���)��X�����`��.��6KG���m���t�XѪlz���eZu�� The Paiute used common reed’s sugary sap to treat lung ailments. Common reed grass has been used throughout history for thatched roofs, cattle feed and numerous other creative uses. Spikelets contain 1 to 10 florets. Common Reed grows from creeping rhizomes (underground stems) and flowers from August to … Reported to be alexeteric, diaphoretic, diuretic, emetic, refrigerant, sialogogue, stomachic, and sudorific, the common reed is a folk remedy for abscesses, arthritis, bronchitis, cancer, cholera, cough, diabetes, dropsy, dysuria, fever, flux, gout, hematuria, hemorrhage, hiccup, jaundice, leukemia, lung, nausea, rheumatism, sores, stomach, thirst, and typhoid. i have great knowlage in compairasant to most my age or younger. METHOD OF PREPARATION: From Cornucopia II, page 178: Young shoots are eaten like bamboo sprouts [read cooked] or pickled. In many areas, people use the panicles for making brooms and decorations. Said another way. It can occur in large stands and may easily be mistaken for the native common reed, Phragmites australis.The easiest way to tell the two is that Neyraudiadoes not have a ring of hairs encircling the stem just below the inflorescence, whereas Phragmites does. Processed common reed is used in Russia for starch. The Common Reed has been harvested for building housing, thatching rooves, making boats, fire drills, flutes, splints, pen tips, weapons, hunting spears, arrows, rope, snares, mats, baskets, prayer sticks, jewelry, smoking implements, clothing, medicine, and food as well as sugar and salt. Common reed will spread by seed or root pieces, so be sure to thoroughly clean all mowing equipment after its use to prevent the reed’s spread. The Common Reed has been harvested for building housing, thatching rooves, making boats, fire drills, flutes, splints, pen tips, weapons, hunting spears, arrows, rope, snares, mats, baskets, prayer sticks, jewelry, smoking implements, clothing, medicine, and food as well as sugar and salt. The Gulf Coast Common Reed has red stems where exposed to the sun —think sunburn — smooth stems, and a non-fuzzy blossom head that hangs to one side. “Rhizomes are thick, “deep seated”, and scaly and can grow to 70 feet (20 m) long. It can also be used to clean heavy metals and sewage out of contaminated water. These reedbeds are important habitats for birds, including rare and threatened species like Bittern, Marsh Harrier and Bearded Tit. Nonnative stems also have more prounounced vertical ridges. but a speck.compaired to you. Foraging should never begin without the guidance and approval of a local plant specialist. it looks like a small bamboo in every aspect except that it flowers every year. Phragmites is a genus of four species of large perennial reed grasses found in wetlands throughout temperate and tropi… They made musical instruments, weapons, and containers from it as well as using it for food, medicine, and games. The plants were used medicinally to treat diarrhea, and made into a poultice to treat boils (University of Michigan, 2012). ENVIRONMENT: Wet areas, ditches, roadsides, median strips, railroad tracks, marshes, river banks, lake shores, tidal wetlands. There’s one species — they think — and many varities, perhaps as many as 12 genetically different ones in the North America, eleven maybe native and one Eurasian. Sometimes spikelets are reduced to a single glume and floret, causing panicles to lose their feathery appearance. 266 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[]/Index[248 37]/Info 247 0 R/Length 93/Prev 315844/Root 249 0 R/Size 285/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream endstream endobj startxref It depends upon which species is being called a “reed.”, hello. and God bless for all you teach. please contact me ag thurmanyoung@yahoo.com. Several tribes used common reed for building and weaving material from which they made mats, baskets, arrow shafts, flutes and rafts (University of Michigan, 2012). Spikelets unawned (vs. Saccharum giganteum). Common reed actually provides high-quality forage and before it reaches maturity, it is palatable for cattle and horses. Hasn’t made its way to Alaska yet nor I think the Yukon and Nunavut. Phragmites australis, the common reed, is used in many areas for thatching roofs. Animals grazing this grass during winter should be fed a protein concentrate. If it hadn’t I’d still be ignoring it. When the Phragmites leaf leans out from the stem the transition is smooth, well tailored. Today, however, it mostly appears as a simple invasive species that takes over fields, open grasslands and, in some places, even yards. it only grows in or around bodies of water or wetlands. the rysome is very large, about 4-5 inches in diameter. Reed herb is a plant. The clone itself may reach a 1,000 years old. They also tend to have thicker rhizomes, thicker and taller culms, and wider leaves than Phragmites, but there is some overlap. This cane-like grass grows to a height of 12 feet or more in dense stands along creek and river banks. All rights reserved. A stand provides shelter for various creatures but is not a major food source for any. As mentioned the Common Reed is Phragmites australis (frag-MY-tees oss-STRAY-less) which means “screen” and “south” or southern screen. The common reed has been used for medicinal purposes since ancient times, including... Common Reed as a Psychoactive Grass. They also are harvested for their cellulose content. Locally the one reed we would confuse it with is Arundo donax. It plagues old lots and un kept ditches.one thing is fer sure you’ll know your in it cause it is covered in irritating hairs on its stem.it grows prolly ten to twelve feet tall and pretty much looks like giant grass, I’m sure its a”weed”cause you can’t kill it.any info or insight to its ediblity or use would be appreciated, I heard its introduced.but like I said you’ll know if you walk through it cause its over your head and you WILL be itching, in the article it states reed was once used to remove heavy metals and sewage….do you know how they did that?? Leaf blades not auriculate (as opposed to Arundo and Hymenachne) and without the light basal coloration characteristic of Arundo. Reed herb is a plant. Some 20 years ago I pondered upon the identity of what appeared to be a very tall grass in a former marlpit in Port Orange, a few miles south of Daytona beach. In many areas, people use the panicles for making brooms and decorations. i have always been excited about natural foods and medicans. Phragmites Phragmites australis seed head in winter Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Monocots Clade: Commelinids Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Subfamily: Arundinoideae Tribe: Molinieae Subtribe: Moliniinae Genus: Phragmites Adans. Other articles where Common reed is discussed: reed: …common, or water, reed (Phragmites australis) occurs along the margins of lakes, fens, marshes, and streams from the Arctic to the tropics. h��Y�O�6�W��Nǯ8�i%���VGY('!>�K A very extensive report on said can be read here. also known as common reed, is a perennial, aggressive wetland grass that outcompetes native plants and displaces native animals. So I never looked more into it at the time. Here’s one from the US Forest Service: Common reed produces stout, erect, hollow aerial stems. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014]. The Eurasian Common Reed has green stems where exposed to the sun, lightly ribbed stems, and a fuzzy blossom head that goes out in all directions. Preserved remains of native Phragmites 40,000 years old have been found in the Southwestern United States indicating that … I’ve tried using it for edible bits now and then, but it takes quite a bit of time. I was looking for information on how to create flour out of the “seed” portion. I do recall reading somewhere long ago that it has a bit of cyanide in the roots (but so does bamboo.) %%EOF The rhizomes are sometimes cooked like potatoes. All the Relays react to voltage or current with the end goal that they open or close the contacts or circuits. When the Arundo leave leans out there’s a wrinkle or extra growth beside or around the main stem. Saltonstall, K. 2002. Can we use this grass for river banks protection and enhancement of eroded banks? The bacteria are present everywhere, but the more surface area for them to attach to the more work they can do. thank you for viewing my words. One would think there can’t be that many tall grasses locally but you would be surprised in a state with virtually thousands of non-native species. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. These invertebrates in turn are used as food by fish and other wildlife species (e.g. The providers of this website accept no liability for the use or misuse of information contained in this website. Comments or questions about this site, or for permission to use photos and information. Photo: LEGO® cows operated by a reed switch. Just about every where it grows the plant has been used and consumed. Common Reed – Non-Psychoactive Uses. endstream endobj 249 0 obj <>/Metadata 14 0 R/Outlines 27 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 246 0 R/StructTreeRoot 68 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 250 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Type/Page>> endobj 251 0 obj <>stream Ligule small (1 mm vs. > 2 mm in Saccharum). I settled on Phragmites australis, the Common Reed, Wild Broomcorn… almost…, The nonnative is blue gree, the native yellow green. Within industrial uses we include the large-scale uses of reed for thatching and paper production, the manufacture of construction and insulation materials, and a new use as a source of polymers. im curious. Usually a stand of Common Reeds are all clones. The common reed can provide a large quantity of biomass and this is used in a wide variety of ways as listed below. Seeds, shed in the winter, can float in water up to 124 days. Table of Contents. Native peoples in many regions also use it for thatching, lattices, baskets, sandals, and mats. In water, rhizomes are more slender, produce multiple branches, and are often shorter.” The roots can be eight inches to 30 feet deep. the leaves are nearly identical to bamboo. First I thought an Arundaria, then an Arundo. The mighty phragmite, European reedgrass, or common reed, this is a species of the phragmites that has a plethora of valuable uses for wildlife and for us. Copyright 2007-2018 – This web page is the property of Green Deane, LLC. The Reed’s clean the water (treat sewage) by giving bacteria a substrate to live on. ex Steud. Submerged portions of all aquatic plants provide habitats for many micro and macro invertebrates. Leaves are aligned on one side of the stem, flat at maturity, and measure 4 to 20 inches (10-60 cm) long and 0.4 to 2 inches (1-6 cm) wide. Do know this to be true? Learn how your comment data is processed. and i shal give you my.number as so we.might communicate threw text or other. hey Green Dean, i have been finding a cane or reed that i cannot identify for the life of me. Introduction To Relay & Different Types Of Relays | Its Terminals, Working & Applications Relays are the essential component for protection & switching of a number of the control circuits & other electrical components. Internodes pubescent (vs. glabrous in Neyraudia) and lemmas glabrous (vs. pubescent in Neyraudia). Other plants of the… I had three out of four. Synonyms Czernya C.Presl Oxyanthe Steud. Check for new growth around the plastic. and non share my interset. i am a 43 year old man who was raised on back woods servival tought partly by my father in the cinteral hills of kentucky and the rest of my life by self study. h�b```�noaf`f`�shuaH��^�ؼ��!S��A��1 aiGp4 �dz�@Z �A��B��� Uses Common reed actually provides high-quality forage and before it reaches maturity, it is palatable for cattle and horses. it is an evergreen. Rhizomes in soil are commonly long, thick, and unbranched. Annual yields of 40 - 63 tonnes per hectare have been reported. Dried stems were made into a marshmallow-like confections by North American Indians. my name it thurman. L&�48o0y1�e�P``�4�9��|�e�v3�����/�AXb�4Ǜf�S9c�4k��N.�:ƹ ��� i wpuld be.so.honered if we could comunicate and shair k.knowlage. 284 0 obj <>stream Native peoples used common reed in many different ways. In fact it is found on all continents except Antarctica. tottle sevin childern. My research pulls up medicinal purposes of the rhizome, but no strong ties to culinary purposes. The reed can grow 1.6 inches a day. �[�h7�w�}g&�qB��(�Nh6���?~ca2ƙ0���Ti&2�R�����J� Boys of all ages used mesquite (Prosopis spp.) However, "wheat reed" and "Devon reed" are not reeds but long-stemmed wheat straw. Indigenous Australians used the leaves for twisting into rope, the stems as spear shafts and the roots as food. Use sand bags or bricks to secure the edges and keep covered for a year. They found evidence of it in 40,000 year old sloth dung…  (Now there’s an occupation for cocktail party chitchat…) Besides sloths humans have eaten it for a long time as well. except only in stories i tell. The ashes are styptic. Native peoples in many regions also use it for thatching, lattices, baskets, sandals, and mats. Indeed, it is perhaps more versatile than cattails. Panicles are up to 8 inches (20 cm) wide after anthesis. Arundos have auricles and a light to dark brown wedge shape at the base of the leaf. Each separate clone reed can live from five to eight years. Floret size decreases from the base of the panicle upward. Trichoon Roth Xenochloa Licht. It is a broad-leafed grass, about 1.5 to 5 metres (5 to 16.5 feet) tall, with feathery flower clusters and stiff, smooth stems. Seeds are small, measuring up to 1.5 mm long. Not so easy to read. Phragmites is much more widely distributed than Arundo in North America. Cape thatching reed ( Elegia tectorum ), a restio originating from the South-western Cape, South Africa. Facts. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Disclaimer: Information contained on this website is strictly and categorically intended as a reference to be used in conjunction with experts in your area. Because of its height and its distinctive, fluffy seedheads, Phragmites is easy to spot, even by traveling motorists. Many different cultures have used reeds in construction of buildings of various types for at least... Use in music. did they pile up thatch and do a simple filter ?? Lower florets are staminate or sterile and without awns. Photo by courtesy of Bill Ward, published on Flickr under a Creative Commons Licence. You can get reed switches built inside little pieces of plastic so you can't even see they're there—perfect for all kinds of security applications. Stems are usually leafy, persistent, and without branches. It is reported that all native North American grasses are edible. Plants For A Future lists Arundo donax as being edible. People take reed herb tea for digestion problems, diabetes, leukemia, and breast cancer. What an irritation but a change season produced the right fuzzy blossom. It’s one of the most common flowering plants on he planet and is found throughout North America, Europe, Asia, Africa, America and Australia. i am always.looking for new ways of useing common weed as medican or food. 248 0 obj <> endobj i admire your vidios, thow i have litle time to attend sesstions becouse i am a singke father of three. h�bbd```b``z "���@$[8�d�3C�s��n��L0;L��E���*�H�(i���,����/�L@�A�@�hH�g`�� � uD Common Reed (Phragmites) – DMT for all! After cutting, lay a sheet of black plastic over the area. Plants of Phragmites are similar in overall appearance to Arundo, but the latter has subequal glumes, a glabrous rachilla, and hairy lemmas. amphibians, reptiles, ducks, etc). Some people put reed herb directly on the skin to treat insect bites. Native Americans used common reed for arrow shafts, musical instruments, ceremonial objects, cigarettes, and leaves and stems for constructing mats. Each separate clone reed can live from five to eight years. The partly unfolded leaes can be eaten as a potherb. & Schult. Although difficult to remove from its hull, the grain is said to be very nutritious [ and high in fiber.]. 0 This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Down by the brackish bay marshes in NJ, this stuff covers many many acres! At the base, stem thickness measures 5 to 15 mm. Reed (plant) Varieties. They have a descriptive language all their own, the experts are few, and their books sometimes cost thousands of dollars. The panicle has many branches and is densely flowered. Hey deane are you familiar with elephant grass sorry I don’t know the real name but it looks very similar to the common reed but doesn’t necessarily grow in or near water. IDENTIFICATION: Phragmites australis: FloridaGrasses.org says it better than I:  Enormous cane often seen rising with a plumose inflorescence from wet ditches. It provides high quality warm-season forage but becomes tough and unpalatable after maturity. The stem is antidote, antiemetic, antipyretic and refrigerant. It is detrimental to native plants and wildlife, quite difficult to eradicate, and tends to emerge earlier and be less susceptible to insect herbivory than the native strains. Species Overview. spines attached to common reed stems to catch small fish and crabs. Uses. %PDF-1.5 %���� im sure you have quite a bit more then i and would love to learn from you. Introduced as an ornamental, this new invasive plant is common in south Florida. Arundo donax is imported. Indeed, according to Iital et al. Vegetatively, plants of Arundo, but not those of Phragmites, have a wedge-shaped, light to dark brown area at the base of the blades. A sugary gum that exudes from the stem is rilled into balls and eaten as a swewet. Is common reed the only reed that can be eaten then.. Common Reed is still regularly harvested in southern Europe and parts of Asia for thatching, matting, brooms and other uses. The stem and underground stem (rhizome) are used as medicine. Thatching Thatching is the traditional and probably best-known use of reed in Europe. Antarctica. This is how many mechanical waste water treatment plants work. The Apache used its rhizomes to treat diarrhea, stomach troubles, earaches, and toothaches. Phragmites do not. Uses Although coarse, common reed is readily eaten by cattle and horses. A stand provides shelter for various creatures but is not a major food source for any. Occasionally all spikelets are abortive. The clone itself may reach a 1,000 years old. For me the question was Gulf Coast variety or Eurasian? Common reed was used extensively by Native Americans. Cryptic invasion by a non-native genotype of the common reed, Phragmites australis, into North America.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 99(4):2445-2449. do you have any ideas? It’s also been around a long time, say the experts. This species of grass is introduced to North America and extremely invasive, greatly expanding its range since the early 20th century. On the other hand, for making mats of dried stems, it’s very useful and easy to gather in huge quantities. Even though the Gulf Coast Common Reed is native here my local one appears to be the non-native Eurasian Common Reed. The invasive is extremely prolific – I have a stand in the swampy part of my property that I can’t destroy because I can’t mow it in the summer. Non-native Phragmitescan alter habitats by changing marsh hydrology; decreasing salinity in brackish wetlands; changing local topography; in… In the United Kingdom, common reed used for this purpose is known as "Norfolk reed" or "water reed". A decoction of the flowers is used in the treatment of cholera and food poisoning. �[�4z�1�_��Uγd���X�/�jf�Lޗ kKkoQ\��T�޲�wv��ζ4)�����s������7���r�ʿ������j?��F��gW>Fl:m�Q�'��X�g���dF����Y�����j~S/W��R�"�!E��~?T��ż�LN��v�����|��w��t�6O�ϧ�I����O�10}Q_��2X��' ͙���n�D��Km�C"�Q'�_�s^g�,Ƀ OJ)���e�%� *��a��2�`�������P������2��߈/`�Ee��r� 1Ǿ�r���1�ϕѦB0�2"���uc��R�1�4@tX��Q�"�w�>��Y&Ed�8���S�C����,��[Sy�N�뗁o#��M�m�u�d���6��nX��h����Ҳ�@c��zҧ�7��q@�������C�,I囶�yoU�m�V��㭈�VZK.