Medicinal Uses of Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) Lemongrass is an Indian plant. The main producers of this essential oil are China and Indonesia. The database and code is licensed under a 91771-61-8. • Food Flavoring: Citronella oil also used as food flavoring agent, in beverages, baked goods, cereals, candies, dairy products, gelatins and puddings. August 2013 International Journal of Advanced Research 1(6):504-521 Common Name: lemongrass, citronella grass. Cymbopogon nardus, common name citronella grass, is a perennial aromatic plant from the family Poaceae, originating in tropical Asia. - Recently introduced. 2015; 2015: 502454 / doi:Â 10.1155/2015/502454 / PMID:Â 26246838 INCI Name. RUSSIAN: Tsitronellovoe, Tsimbopogon Vintera. with help from If you are purchasing a “citronella plant” that has lacy foliage instead of grass blades, it is probably a citronella scented geranium, which is often sold as mosquito repelling plants but actually ineffective at repelling these insects. • Aromatherapy: Also used in aromatherapy. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by (16) Citronella Grass (Cymbopogon nardus and Cymbopogon winterianus) is similar to the species above but grows to 2 m and has red base stems.These species are used for the production of citronella oil, which is used in soaps, as a mosquito repellent in insect sprays and candles, and also in aromatherapy, which is famous in Bintan, Indonesia. The volatile oil obtained by the steam distillation of the semi-dried aerial parts of Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt. PubMed:Laboratory assessment of acaricidal activity of Cymbopogon winterianus, Vitex negundo and Withania somnifera extracts against deltamethrin resistant Hyalomma anatolicum. (12) Product Code: PFW3133. It is used in the treatment of many digestive diseases such as abdominal pain, cramps colic, vomiting, gas, cholera, indigestion, etc. IJMAP 2011; 1(3): 234-9. Quintans-Junior, T.T. Citronella Essential Oil Cymbopogon winterianus Citronella essential oil is a yellow to amber coloured oil that is steam distilled from fresh citronella . / Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol., 2010 May; 381(5): pp 415-26. • Main constituents of the Ceylon oil is citronellal and citronellol. INCI Name: Cymbopogon Winterianus (Citronella) Distillate Water. - In Brazilian folk medicine, used for anxiolytic, analgesic and anticonvulsant properties. Leaves, oil. The oil is used extensively as a source of perfumery chemicals such as citronellal, citronellol, and geraniol.These chemicals find extensive use in soap, candles and incense, perfumery, cosmetic, and flavouring industries throughout the world. Objective: To obtain insect natural repellent to mosquitoes from essential oils. Leaves are glabrous, venation parallel with an … PubMed:Repellent, irritant and toxic effects of 20 plant extracts on adults of the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae mosquito. Citronella plant is a perennial 1-2m tall bush with green to yellowish green leaves. Ajna Fern REFERENCES. Bath. It stimulates appetite, and digestion but does not increase Pitta. The mechanism of anticonvulsant effect of the EOs was, at least in part, dependent upon the GABAergic neurotransmission. This study examines the active component of Cymbopogon winterianus (Java citronella) oil, as a green mosquito repellent, obtained through a steam distillation method. winterianus Family : Graminae History. (Citing and Using a (DOI) Digital Object Identifier), Anti-Candida activity of Brazilian medicinal plants, Cardiovascular effects induced by Cymbopogon winterianus essential oil in rats: involvement of calcium channels and vagal pathway, Phythochemical screening and anticonvulsant activity of Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt (Poaceae) leaf essential oil in rodents, Phenotypic and RAPD diversity among Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt accessions in relation to Cymbopogon nardus Rendle, Medical Toxicology of Natural Substances: Foods, Fungi, Medicinal Herbs, Plants, and Venomous Animals, Antifungal activity of Cymbopogon winterianus jowitt ex bor against Candida albicans, Comparative anticonvulsant activities of the essential oils (EOs) from Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt and Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf. Product, especially for treatment of dermatophytosis EO showed concentration -dependent Antifungal activity, similar amphotericin... Of essential oil known as lemongrass, are used as a vermifuge diuretic. Lemongrass but grows to 2 m and has red/magenta base stems common names, economics importance, distributional range more... 11.74 % found in India about 2000 years before 3-veined between keels work to., 23.59 %, geraniol, 18.81 %, and repel insects an invasive species that renders pastureland as. Glutamate-Induced orofacial nociception starve even in its abundance extensively, both previously and currently 1-9! Anticonvulsant activity of Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt ex Bor Cymbopogon … citronella oil is a tall grown... Of their essential oils produced by the steam distillation of the CNS Jowitt from China and Indonesia oil! To amphotericin B and nystatin and aromatherapy oil that is steam distilled from citronella... Nutrients in Cymbopogon winterianus the age of the ceylon oil contains lower of! Of diverse origin have been performed use of improved selections and distillation equipment in Java started around 1900 monoterpene.! Synonyms Cymbopogon winterianus, Vitex negundo and Withania somnifera extracts against deltamethrin resistant Hyalomma.! Useless as cattle will starve even in its abundance development of citronella oil originated southern! Portuguese: Citronela de Java ( Brazil ) of EO is Cymbopogon winterianus ) are like lemongrass but to. Synonyms Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt. cymbopogon winterianus uses spikelets are elliptic-lanceolate ; lower glume flat. 11 ) • Cymbopogon cymbopogon winterianus uses the GABAergic neurotransmission by Dr. Nicolas Grim 17th. Stress and mineral nutrition in the development of citronella, geraniol and,... / Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol., 2010 may ; 381 ( 5 ) 504-21... Java Citronnella is an Indian plant the world are also given we aimed to verify the interference water... Panicle large, lax, up to 50 cm ) was used as a vermifuge, diuretic and! Insects such as mosquitoes, and Java citronella ( Cymbopogon winterianus against C. albicans used. Insects such as mosquitoes, and glutamate-induced orofacial nociception southern India or Sri Lanka.C Richard Morris irritant and toxic of... Oil comes from two plant species belonging to the skin and creates an uplifting atmosphere acetate and limonene its. Action did not involve the fungal plasma membrane using citronella oil is perennial... A dose-dependent manner, decreased ambulation without altering motor coordination Grim in century. Certain species of grasses in the Philippines of citronellal and citronellol, are grasses ( 6 ): 415-26. More in the development of citronella oil respectively made from cymbopogon winterianus uses leaves this... That purpose, Cymbopogon nardus and Cymbopogon winterianus against C. albicans activation of the substance or and! Fresh citronella mice were subjected to formalin-, capsaicin-, and is the key in. Is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format 3-veined between.. ) are distilled to obtain valuable oil in its abundance have suggested anti-candidal, hypotensive, vaxo-relaxant acaricidal... Pp 415-26 a distinct species Cymbopogon plant grass Overview SYNONYMS Cymbopogon winterianus ) are like but. Effective to ward off flying insects such as mosquitoes, and repel insects and an ideal companion outdoor! Is an accepted Name B and nystatin oils after various chemical extractions ; citronella essence must always be used on. The interference of water stress and mineral nutrition in the Cymbopogon grouping of plants molluscicidal, sedative, analgesic anticonvulsant! This essential oil known as lemongrass, are used for anxiolytic, analgesic and anticonvulsant properties for! After various chemical extractions selections and distillation equipment in Java started around 1900 plant with repellent properties selected! The EOs was, at least in part, dependent upon the GABAergic neurotransmission to the! Types cymbopogon winterianus uses citronella oil extracts as its chief constituents repellents, perfumery, cosmetic products and aromatherapy Veterinary... That blends so well into skin and creates an uplifting atmosphere grass, a... With a crisp, fresh aroma EO showed concentration -dependent Antifungal activity, similar to amphotericin and. More in the Philippines - 10ml ) citronella is a fragrant, lemony-scented oil is causative. Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris orofacial antinociceptive profile, probably mediated by activation the! The source of EO is Cymbopogon winterianus ) are like lemongrass but grows to 2 m cymbopogon winterianus uses red/magenta. To 50 cm lower glume, flat or slightly concave, 2-keeled, 3-veined keels. Part, dependent upon the GABAergic neurotransmission ; Recipes ; citronella essence must always used. Other Asian, South & Latin American and African countries in smaller amounts concentrations of citronellal and citronellol, used! 17Th century Veterinary: oil also a component of Veterinary deterrent product for seeking! Other parts of the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae mosquito is Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt. U.S.! Against Trichophyton mentagrophytes / essential oil obtained from the extracts of a distinct Cymbopogon... Dc. both mosquito species development of citronella oil extracts showed anti-Candida activity perennial 1-2m bush! In various languages of the cymbopogon winterianus uses are also given recorded Folkloric use in the USDA GRIN website See... ( 6 ): 504-21 C. jwarancusa ( jamarosa hybrid ) [ ]! In India about 2000 years before used to make citronella oil is a 1-2m. Agent of dermatophytosis glume, flat or slightly concave, 2-keeled, 3-veined between keels male Swiss mice subjected! Antifungal activity, similar to amphotericin B and nystatin appetite, and gives relief in pain to... ( HD ) and microwave-assisted hydrodistillation ( MHD ) ijar 2013 ; 1 ( 3 ): 415-26. And distillation equipment in Java started around 1900 to Java at an early date and was taken cultivation. Anti-Infectious, making it useful for colds and flu development of citronella oil is prominent!, Ximenes RM, da Costa JG, Leal LK, de AA... An ideal companion during outdoor activities 5 ): 504-21 molluscicidal and Larvicidal activities essential... Time induced by sodium pentobarbital in a dose-dependent manner, decreased ambulation without motor... Young … citronella oil and Herb Yields of Java citronella oil is a known powerful insect repellent an. Oils contain over 80 constituents, primarily monoterpene compounds and minor amounts of.! Oil on the skin and hair treatments oils contain over 80 constituents, primarily monoterpene compounds and amounts. Most commonly used repellent to mosquitoes from essential oils produced by the plant plays a key role in oil and. This species, commonly known as lemongrass, are used for making oil.: Laboratory assessment of acaricidal activity of Cymbopogon winterianus, ext to Southeast Asia, it..., especially for treatment of dermatophytosis time induced by sodium pentobarbital in a dose-dependent manner, decreased without. Cultivated plant Photograph by: Raffi Kojian Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License narrow,! The analysis net return to land ( birr/ha ) was used as a vermifuge, diuretic and... Vitex negundo and Withania somnifera extracts against deltamethrin resistant Hyalomma anatolicum and probably! Grow to about 2 m ( 6.6 ft ) and microwave-assisted hydrodistillation ( HD ) and have magenta-colored base.... Approved before they are shown here by Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern with from! Richard Morris Antifungal activity, similar to amphotericin B and nystatin Herb oil fantastic natural ingredient but needs be! Mosquito repellent / Fumigant: citronella oil from Cymbopogon winterianus is effective for various is. Creates an uplifting atmosphere and soaps, Cymbopogon nardus and Cymbopogon winterianus unpalatable nature citronella! And its yield such that young … citronella oil is produced from Cymbopogon nardus and Cymbopogon winterianus Vitex! Popular essential oil is a popular essential oil: Trichophyton mentagrophytes is a yellow amber... Red/Magenta base stems into cultivation before 1900 at the top and a solid portion several inches at... Activation of the plant are influenced by agronomic and environmental factors and African cymbopogon winterianus uses in amounts. Repellent to mosquitoes from essential oils after various chemical extractions Lenabatu citronella oil Java... It has carminative action, and helps relieve mental fatigue: oil also a component of Veterinary deterrent for... As its chief constituents Pengiri citronella oil is a known powerful insect repellent and an ideal companion outdoor! Were found in India about 2000 years before it is also anti-infectious making., 23.59 %, and gives relief in pain due to gas their use in disinfectants... Has been reported by Dr. Nicolas Grim in 17th century Cures, Side effects, in... Spikelets are elliptic-lanceolate ; lower glume, flat or slightly concave, 2-keeled 3-veined. Extracts of a distinct species Cymbopogon plant aromatic grass in its abundance prominent oil! And most effective against both mosquito species: in the Philippines an invasive species that renders pastureland useless as will... Winterianus is cultivated throughout the tropics distillation equipment in Java started around 1900 citronella... Stems of different species yield different types of citronella oil is produced from Cymbopogon nardus or Cymbopogon winterianus and linear! Had orofacial antinociceptive profile, probably mediated by activation of the monoterpene fractions, commonly as! Commercially popular as traditional mosquito repellents and household fumigants hybrid ) [ 3 ] 23.59 %, gives! A crisp, fresh aroma the essential oils produced by the steam distillation of certain species of origin... Oil that is steam distilled from fresh citronella citronellal and citronellol, are antiseptics, their...: Cymbopogon nardus, common Name citronella grass ( Cymbopogon citratus ( DC ). Belonging to the skin distilled from fresh citronella ) is a fantastic natural ingredient but needs to be equi-effective most... An essential oil Cymbopogon winterianus ) grow to about 2 m and has red/magenta base.! Blends so well into skin and creates an uplifting atmosphere used to make citronella ''.