Initially issued in 1989 as “Safety and Health Program Management Guidelines,” this latest version reflects on OSHA’s experiences with successful contractors and others to establish 7 Core Elements for safety and health programs, which is as follows: •     Top management demonstrates its commitment to continuous improvement in safety and health, communicates that commitment to workers, and sets up program expectations and responsibilities. The term safety culture may have found its origins after the 1986 accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant, the world’s worst nuclear disaster. As with any journey, it helps to start out with a plan (or path) based on where you are and where you want to end up. Copyright © 2017 National Insulation Association. Owner involvement in project safety and health. Leaders looking to improve their organization’s safety programs, and take advantage of the insights of others, would be wise to optimize implementation of these essential elements. 1. Once again, there is overlap in what CPWR identifies as leading indicators and what others have established as essential elements needed for safety success. The rules should be thoroughly understood by supervisors and employees. Health and safety programs are aimed at ensuring workers are protected, risks are minimized, and a healthy and safe workplace is maintained. •     Identified hazards are prioritized for control. When it comes to safety, every business leader wants exactly the same thing: for all team members to go home alive and well at the end of the day. Empowering and involving employees. •     Before beginning work, host employers, contractors, and staffing agencies coordinate on work planning and scheduling to identify and resolve any conflicts that could affect safety or health. Fortunately, there are a number of resources that can help you create a program that will facilitate the development of an effective safety culture and bolster your health and safety programs. 4. Excelling at the “leading indicators” discussed will likely translate into having successful safety programs. Establishes management commitment to safety performance through SMS 2. hbspt.cta._relativeUrls=true;hbspt.cta.load(322414, 'd0faa933-5a27-4cbc-a2d3-ddf374bd90f5', {}); Tags: •     Encourages safety and health mentoring; •     Workers and their representatives are involved in all aspects of the program—including setting goals, identifying and reporting hazards, investigating incidents, and tracking progress. Fortunately, for construction leaders looking to improve safety performance, there are other resources to offer insights and reflect on the experience of others. •     All workers are trained to understand how the program works and how to carry out the responsibilities assigned to them under the program. 10/98 1.1 Essential Elements of an Effective Safety & Health Program … 3. Vehicle safety rules. 3. • Participation in training programs. The type of program … Center for Construction Research and Training, “Strengthening Jobsite Safety Climate: Eight Worksheets for Help You Use and Improve Leading Indicators,” www.cpwr.com/sites/default/files/research/Safety_Climate_Workbook_and_SCAT_092116.pdf, 2015. 6. b. • Participation in scheduled safety meetings. •     Any incidents are investigated with the goal of identifying the root causes. •     Control measures are periodically evaluated for effectiveness. Of course, it can be difficult to truly implement and sustain a culture of safety that will provide for the ongoing support and protection of all employees. Safety Policy — Establishes senior management's commitment to continually improve safety; defines the methods, processes, and organizational structure needed to meet safety goals 1. Encouraging owner/client involvement. 7. All employers must establish some form of health and safety program at the workplace. c. Requires all employees supervised to use individual protective equipment and safety devices. One example is Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s (OSHA’s) Proposed ‘I2P2’ Rule… Health and safety programs must include these 10 elements: 1. health and safety policy 2. hazard assessment and control 3. emergency response plan 4. statement of OHS responsibilities of the employer, supervisors and workers at a work site 5. schedule and procedures for work site inspections 6. procedures for when another employer or self-employed person is working at the work site 7. health and safety orientation and training for workers and supervisors 8. procedures for investigating incidents, inj… 2. -A clearly established policy for worker safety and health protection that is communicated to all employees. Safety and health are fundamental company  values. The study and related report examine responses from over 250 contractor companies on 7 categories of Safety Culture Indicators: 1. The Army Safety Program describes 17 safety program elements common to many installation safety programs. OSHA’s “Recommended Practices for Safety and Health Programs for Construction,” www.osha.gov/shpguidelines/index.html, 2016. Examples of such items are: Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS). -Your company commits adequate resources to workplace safety and health, including staff, training, and equipment. Your company's training program should ensure that: The best safety programs include record keeping and tracking of key leading safety indicators to measure and continuously improve their safety performance. The rules should be thoroughly understood by supervisors and employees The rules … If achieving an excellent safety culture is your goal, it will take commitment at all levels of your organization, starting at the top. The 5 Elements of a World-class Behavior Based Safety (BBS) Program: Part 1 Brian Stenson - 30 August, 2016 Introducing a Behavior Based Safety (BBS) program is a great way to change an organization’s safety … 3. Worker involvement in jobsite safety and health. This move—for obvious reasons—made them more invested in the prevention of accidents. While having a safety plan based on these four elements and/or an incentive-based program doesn’t guarantee compliance with OSHA standards, the approach will put you on the right track. Developing and implementing a successful safety incentive program is no easy task. A hazard assessment process can help your company avoid and control risks. Safety Culture – Six Basic Safety Program Elements. •     An initial assessment of existing hazards, exposures, and control measures is followed by periodic inspections and reassessments to identify new hazards. d. Ensures that safety … -Management sets the example of safe and healthful behavior. Center for Construction Research and Training, www.cpwr.com, 2017. Of the many resources on effective safety management that one can find in a simple online search, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s (OSHA’s) “Recommended Practices for Safety and Health Programs for Construction,”1 issued in 2016, perhaps best summarizes the essential elements of a successful safety program. • Safety and Health Training The Guidelines outline the way the Oklahoma Department of Labor (ODOL) sees each element functioning, and then provide recommendations for ways to put the particular part into action within an organization. It provides new policy on Army safety … •     Gives workers stop-work authority. Supervisory leadership on safety and health. Commitment to safety is demonstrated by the following factors. A truly exceptional safety culture ensures that safety is a priority not just when incidents arise, but at all times. -Supervisors are held accountable for safety and health as part of their job. It analyses … Company communication about safety and health. Establishes clear safety objectives and commitment to manage to those objectives 3. •     Host employers, contractors, and staffing agencies communicate the hazards present at the worksite and the hazards that the work of contract workers may create on site. •     Host employers, contractors, and staffing agencies commit to providing the same level of safety and health protection to all employees. Safety Rewards and Recognition Program Elements. Any unauthorized duplication is strictly prohibited and would violate NIA’s copyright and may violate other copyright agreements that NIA has with authors and partners. Perhaps the most critical element of an effective safety program is regular and honest safety auditsto identify and correct workplace hazards. Safety and health hazards from routine, non-routine, and emergency situations are identified and assessed. -A reliable procedure that allows employees to report possibly hazardous conditions without fear of reprisal and to receive appropriate and timely responses. Demonstrating management commitment. Creating an effective safety program for your company requires five key elements. Mr. Kubeldis may be reached at dkubeldis@amerisafe-css.com. The best motivational methods encourage safe behavior and team work while simultaneously discouraging safety … There are four basic elements to all good health and safety programs: Management Commitment and Employee Involvement. The hard part is making that happen. Plant maintenance. Aligning and integrating safety as a value. 2. The other valuable resource is a CPWR document entitled “Strengthening Jobsite Safety Climate: Eight Worksheets to Help You Use and Improve Leading Indicators.”4 This document is the culmination of research and is based on 8 leading indicators for safety success: 1. Hazard Identification and Control Systems. -Ongoing monitoring and maintenance of equipment to prevent its becoming hazardous. •     Employers, managers, and supervisors receive training on safety concepts and their responsibility for protecting workers’ rights and responding to workers’ reports and concerns. If everyone is going to go home alive and well at the end of every day, these challenges need to be met, 516 Herndon Pkwy., Ste. The elements of the safety programs include the following four main areas. No single essential element, nor a combination of these elements, will excel without an organizational safety culture in place that is proactive, universal, and continuously improving. Leaders looking to improve their organization’s safety programs could review these or other benchmarking and assessment tools to gain insight into and reflect on the experience of others as to what is needed to improve safety. 4. The contents of this website and Insulation Outlook magazine may not be reproduced in any means, in whole or in part, without the prior written permission of the publisher and NIA. Ensuring accountability at all levels. A safety plan is a strategic action plan that forms part of the business plan. These program elements are listed below. Basic Elements of an OH&S Program. 5. This article was published in the July 2017 issue of Insulation Outlook magazine. •     Employers and workers cooperate to identify and select methods for eliminating, preventing, or controlling workplace hazards. Management Leadership and Employee Involvement Communication is perhaps the most important element of workplace safety. The International Atomic Energy Agency blamed it on a “poor safety culture” at the plant. Every OHS program should be designed to meet the specific requirements of an organization, as well as any legislated requirements. The goal of a safety program is to protect your workers from actual hazards and from any potentially significant risks, and also establish compliance with both federal and state OSHA standards. Del Kubeldis has 35 years’ experience developing, managing, and assessing health and safety programs. The safety culture concept is based on the notion that organizations have unique cultures—a combination of values, beliefs, and behaviors that define the way they do business. It requires the inclusion of any number of elements. Notice that at least 2 of the categories (management commitment to safety and health and worker involvement in jobsite safety and health) overlap with our previously discussed essential elements, further establishing these as recognized foundations for safety success. • Ability to stop work and notify supervisors of … The Five Elements of an Effective Safety Program, Safety Performance Tracking and Improvement, SafetyPro Resources, LLC is an independent safety consulting firm and is in no way endorsed, sponsored, approved by, or otherwise affiliated with ISNetworld, Safety Prequalification Database Management. Lock out procedures. Fortunately, as evidenced in this article, there are many useful resources available for those willing to take the challenge on themselves. In order to send everyone home safe every single day, every leader has to deal with a long list, In theory, managing safety performance should be easy. FOUR ELEMENTS OF A GOOD HEALTH AND SAFETY PROGRAM. Whether it’s from our own parents when we have our first child, a coach for a sports team, or a mentor on the job, we can all benefit from the insights provided by someone with experience who knows what works and, more importantly, what doesn’t work. Defines methods, processes, and organizational structure needed to meet safety goals 4. • Inclusion in pre-job review of assigned tasks. You … As the saying goes, “You can’t expect what you won’t inspect,” and performing regular audits is the best way to prevent costly surprise incidents. Once your employees are trained, a safety management … OSHA’s discussion on each of these program elements includes the recommended practices for the program, as well as several action items for each. Safety plan. Contact publisher@insulation.org to reprint or reproduce this content. This can be done by in-house staff, or by a third-party safety professional. Core Elements of the Safety and Health Program Management Guidelines Management Leadership Worker Participation Hazard Identification and Assessment Hazard Prevention and Control Education and Training Coordination and Communication on Multiemployer Worksites Program Evaluation … All employees that play a role in facility operations should be involved in … requirements of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 as implemented in Executive Order 12196; Title 29, Code of Federal Regulation 1960; and Department of Defense Instructions 6055.1, 6055.04, and 6055.07. 5. The study gathered data on 33 leading indicators of a safety culture across these 7 categories as a means to gauge the degree to which construction companies have adopted a strong safety culture. Back in the 1800s, DuPont gunpowder mills were plagued by accidental explosions that killed or injured workers with each blast. Both are based on studies and data specific to the construction industry, making them very useful for contractor purposes. An effective fleet safety program begins with the driver recruitment process. 7. Directs, implements, and coordinates health and safety program elements and activities within area of responsibility. The new Recommended Practices have been well received by a wide variety of stakeholders and are designed to be used in a wide variety of small and medium-sized business settings. Safety Management. A strong and successful safety program is critical for all businesses, particularly those in the construction industry. By James Roughton. Where personal protective equipment is required, employees understand the requirement, the reasons for it, the limitations of the equipment, and how to maintain and use it properly. Establishes transparency in management of safety 1. Patriarch Eleuthere Irenee Du Pont decided to make managers more safety conscious: he relocated their offices directly above the production floor. Hot-work permits. The plan should establish procedures for response to emergencies requiring personal protective equipment, first aid, medical care, or emergency evacuation, with emergency telephone numbers and exit routes visible to all employees, and provide training and drills as needed. 4. Management commitment to safety is essential, and your safety program needs to be an integral part of your company's management system. Consistent audits are the easiest way to recognize hazards, implement corrective actions, and ultimately prevent worker injuries and their associated costs. •     Managers at all levels make safety and health a core organizational value, establish safety and health goals and objectives, provide adequate resources and support for the program, and set a good example. He is currently a Director of Field Operations with the Amerisafe Group (www.amerisafe.net), a Luse Holdings, Inc. company, which provides project safety staffing, safety and health consultation, safety program and culture assessments, confined space rescue, occupational health, a full suite of safety products, and related services. The key to the success of a safety … Clearly implementing the essential elements and a proactive safety culture based on the experiences of others are great starting points. •     Controls are selected according to a hierarchy that uses engineering solutions first, followed by safe work practices, administrative controls, and finally, personal protective equipment (PPE). Companies are increasingly hiring third party safety consultants to help assess and develop their safety programs and manage the journey to generating a truly exceptional safety culture. Examples of some of these leading indicators include whether the contractor: •     Has clearly defined health and safety expectations; When it comes to safety—where the ultimate goal is to send everyone home alive and well—there’s perfect, Leaders the world over face the same tough safety challenges that stand in the way of 0 injuries. •     Host employers establish specifications and qualifications for contractors and staffing agencies. •     Necessary actions are taken to improve the program and overall safety and health performance. No leader ever wants to see any harm come to anyone working for them. While the rates for … Explosions at the Ukraine reactor caused at least 30 deaths and contaminated 400 square miles. Hiring safe drivers. According to the National Safety Council, an effective safety management program should: Reduce the risk of workplace incidents, injuries, and fatalities through data-driven measurements and … The … However, there are some very basic elements that must be implemented into a management system. •     A plan is developed to ensure that controls are implemented, interim protection is provided, progress is tracked, and the effectiveness of controls is verified. 1. Employee Participation. D | Herndon, VA 20170, Phone: 703-464-6422 | Fax: 703-464-5896, © 2020 Copyright National Insulation Association, Young Professional Advisory Committee (YPAC), Host NIA’s Thermal Insulation Inspector Certification Course, Host NIA’s Introduction to Mechanical Insulation Course, Understanding Specifications for Insulation Course, Insulation Appraisal and Inspector Courses. There are also third-party resources that can assist, including trade associations, insurance carriers, and safety consultants. Of those, 2 in particular stand out as most useful for reflecting on what others are doing and what might be needed to be changed to improve safety performance. Material handling rules. If the essential elements for safety success are the “bones” of a safety program, a proactive safety culture is the “skin” that holds it all together. Management commitment to safety and health. The program element is aimed at … •     Workers are encouraged and have means to communicate openly with management and to report safety and health concerns without fear of retaliation. OSHA has recently updated the Guidelines for Safety and Health Programs it first released 30 years ago, to reflect changes in the economy, workplaces, and evolving safety and health issues. •     All workers, including contractors and temporary workers, understand their roles and responsibilities under the program and what they need to do to effectively carry them out. Management commitment is the number one leading indicator of a strong safety culture. Fire safeguards. Improving supervisory leadership. •     Holds everyone accountable for safety; and Lapses in safety culture have also been cited as part of the reason for the space shuttle Columbia explosion, which killed 7 astronauts and destroyed a $2 billion space shuttle. However, there are some basic elements that every OHS program … However, it can be challenging for leaders to know how to start or where to go for help in managing safety. Your safety program should include safety plans, rules and work procedures for specific operations at your company. These inspections or audits should record hazard details, include phot… Improving communication. Leaders who recognize the many benefits of safety and strive to establish a proactive safety culture in their organizations will likely be more successful in leading safety. The first resource is a Dodge Data Analytics SmartMarket Report released last year entitled, “Building a Safety Culture: Improving Safety and Health Management in the Construction Industry,”3 which studies safety management in the construction industry. •     All workers are trained to recognize workplace hazards and to understand the control measures that have been implemented. Employees understand hazards and safe work procedures. Dodge Data Analytics, SmartMarket Report, “Building a Safety Culture: Improving Safety and Health Management in the Construction Industry,” www.construction.com/toolkit/reports/building-a-safety-culture, 2016. •     Processes are established to monitor program performance, verify program implementation, and identify program shortcomings and opportunities for improvement. References Accountability on projects for safety and health. 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