Try to keep the soil moist but not soggy. Layout and planting for drip irrigation and fertigation of Brinjal: Apply FYM @ 25 t / ha as basal dose before the last plowing. Prepare the field thoroughly with four to five plowing and turn soil at least 20 cm deep. Generally, application of 150 kg N, 100 kg P2O5 and 50 kg K2O is recommended for optimum yield. Spacing depends upon the type of variety grown and the season of planting. Raise beds of 120 cm in width and 30 cm interval between beds. Fruits are moderate sources of vitamins and minerals like phosphorous, calcium and iron and nutritive value varies from variety to variety. In sandy soils, however, sowing can be taken up in flat beds. Spacing Varieties : 60 x 60 cm Hybrids : 90 x 60 cm. Prices for eggplant vary on fruit varieties. Smoke from the chullah will help the seeds to dry naturally. The field is then divided into beds and channels. Extracted seeds are mixed with wood ash and shade dried for 2-3 days and stored up to six months. Growers usually plant 8 rows and skip 2 rows to make roadways for harvest opera-tions. Form ridges and furrows at a spacing of 60 cm. Irrigate the furrows and transplant 30-35 days old seedlings at 60 cm apart on the ridges. Plant the seedlings where they get at least 8 hours of sung light. Thoroughly prepare the field with the addition of FYM @ 25 t / ha and form ridges and furrows at a spacing of 60 cm. Two-three hoeing and the earthing up are required to keep the crop free of weeds. To avoid mortality of seedlings due to damping off, drenching of the beds with Bavistin (15-20 g/10 litres of water) is effective. This is a root parasite and can be controlled by registered herbicide available in the local nursery store as prescribed by experts. It appears that as in-row distance increased from 1.0 to 2.5 ft between plants, the intraspecific competition did not affect total fruit yield. Normally the long fruited varieties are transplanted at 60 x 45 cm, the round varieties at 75 x 60 cm and high yielding varieties at 90 x 90 cm spacing. Pressing the thumb against the side of the fruit can indicate the maturity of the fruit. Field preparation. A light irrigation is given on the first and third day after transplanting. Fruits are harvested when they become greenish yellow or bronze and their flesh turns dry and tough. Sprays of NSKE also bring down the borer incidence significantly. Eggplant requires 100 to 140 warm days with temperatures consistently between 70° and 90°F (21-32°C) to reach harvest. 703 kg/ha as basal… Ideal pH for cultivation of crop is 5.5 - 6.6. Spacing As for the spacing of the seedlings, it all depends on the variety of brinjal you chose to grow, the season’s suitability and how fertile thee soil is. Seedlings are transplanted in furrows in light soils and on side of the ridges in case of heavy soils. This portal has been developed as part of the national level initiative - India Development Gateway (InDG), dedicated for providing information / knowledge and ICT based knowledge products and services in the domain of social development. Color of the flowers is blue to purple star shaped and self-pollinating. Use of green manure, mulching with polythene, soil application with bleaching powder will reduce the infection of bacterial wilt disease. Growing eggplants are fun and one can get good profits in commercial cultivation of eggplant crop as this crop can be expected high yields. Depending on the cultivars the shapes can be oval or chicken egg shaped, long club shaped, round and white, yellow, green, purple fruit color. Raised beds are necessary to avoid problem of water logging in heavy soils. It can be grown in plains throughout the year but rabi season is the best. During the last week in nursery, the seedlings may be hardened by slightly withholding water. Harvesting is done by cutting 3 to 5 cm length of stem attached rather than by pulling the fruit. Eggplant is a perennial and cultivated commercially as an annual crop. apart will keep you from accidentally breaking branches as you are harvesting your eggplant fruits. The fruits become ready for first picking in about 120-130 days of seed sowing depending on the variety. If incidence of leaf hopper and other sucking insect pests is still above ETL, then apply imidacloprid 17.8 SL @ 150 ml/ha. Give 2 to 3 sprays of 5 % NSKE against sucking pests. The sowing season can be from December to January and May to June. Warm, fertile, and well drained. Mulching helps conserve moisture and prevent weeds and fungal diseases and the plants benefit from some shade during the hottest part of the day. It is recommended to go for drip irrigation to control weed growing. This facilitates the plant growth and development with extensive root system to draw water and nutrients. Continuous cropping of brinjal leads to more borer and wilt infestation. It is a versatile crop and easily adapted to various agro-climatic conditions. Cover the nursery beds with polythene sheet of 45 gauge (0.45 mm) thickness for three weeks during June for soil solarisation which will help in reducing the soil borne insects, diseases like bacterial wilt and nematodes. You have entered an incorrect email address! Eggplant can be intercropped with beans and marigold crops. Spacing Requirements: Sow eggplant seeds ½ … Growing of Eggplant in greenhouse offers distinct advantages of quality and productivity.Eggplant growers can substantially increase their income by growing Eggplant in greenhouse in cool season (off season) by regulating temperature inside the greenhouse. Bird perches @ 10/ acre should be erected for facilitating field visits of predatory birds. Companions. Start eggplant inside 3-4 weeks before the last frost. A pre-soaking irrigation is given 3-4 days prior to transplanting. The field is ploughed to fine tilth by giving four to five ploughing with a sufficient interval between two ploughing. Spacing should be 45 to 60 cm (18 to 24 in) between plants, depending on cultivar, and 60 to 90 cm (24 to 35 in) between rows, depending on the type of cultivation equipment being used. Int. The cover of dry straw or grass is removed immediately after germination is complete. Harvesting and handling practices must be followed to avoid fruits loosing glossy or compression injuries as this will become unfit for marketing. Remaining 75 % of P is applied in three equal split doses. Germination of seeds is slow and must be sown in nursery beds. Position. Mature plants range from 1 to 8 feet in height. The fertilizer dose depends upon the fertility of soil and amount of organic manure applied to the crop. Well-decomposed FYM or leaf mould may be mixed with the soil at the time of bed preparation. However, for non-spreading type verities, the spacing should be 60 CM X 60 CM. Raised beds of size 7.2 x 1.2 m and 10-15 cm in height are prepared. Brinjal is a warm season crop and requires a long warm growing season. apart is fine, although 2 ½ feet (76 cm.) The plant can tolerate drought and high rainfall and flowering is not affected by day length. Please leave all source links intact and adhere to applicable copyright and intellectual property guidelines and laws. 2(3) (August 2007) 35 EFFECT OF SPACING AND STEM PRUNING ON THE GROWTH AND YIELD OF TOMATO N. ARA1, M.K. Plants with heavy fruit load must be given wire loops or cages for support. The following content is all about Eggplant growing. Avoid soils that are poorly drained. Each plant needs five-gallon (or, larger) pots and should be placed in full sun and outdoors so it can be pollinated. 1. From midsummer onward, drench with a liquid feed every two weeks. Apply one kilogram of Pendimethalin or Fluchloralin per hectare as pre-emergence herbicide followed by hand weeding once at 30 days. Seedlings of 30 to 35 days are ready for transplanting to the main field. Eggplant plant are in demand and can be marketed directly in the local market or local retail or wholesale directly or through marketing agency. When planting your Japanese eggplant seedlings, make sure they’re spaced 3 to 4 feet apart. Eggplant can be cultivated twice in a year. Thereafter irrigation is given at an interval of 8-10 days during winter and 5-6 days during summer. Rogue out the little leaf affected plants from time to time. Avoid growing eggplants in cool season as they grow best in long and warm season. Planting Season in Eggplant Farming:-Eggplant can be planted thrice a year. The plant fruit is fleshy. Normally the long fruited varieties are transplanted at 60 x 45 cm, the round varieties at 75 x 60 cm and high yielding varieties at 90 x 90 cm spacing.